Legato Lessons

Legato Lessons Individual lessons developed to provide comprehensive knowledge of music through performance, creation, and description. Currently providing lessons for Piano, Guitar, and Bass Guitar

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PSA. Hello all! Between now and the remainder of 2020 I will be posting a mini lesson plan in which I am looking to brea...

PSA. Hello all! Between now and the remainder of 2020 I will be posting a mini lesson plan in which I am looking to break down and explain the concepts pertaining to "The Roman Numeral Numbering System for Chord Progressions" The plan outline will be provided below. Please stay tuned for the lesson and let me know what you think by hitting that like button!

Intro: What is the The Roman Numeral Numbering System for Chord Progressions?
L1: Diatonic Scale Degrees
L2: Major and Minor Representations
L3: Alterations to Diatonic Chord Progressions
L4: Transposing to other Keys
L5: Roman Numeral Numbering System for Minor Keys
Examples: 4 Song Examples (Major Key Song, Minor Key Song, Song with Diatonic Alterations, Transposed Song from Key of C to G)


Improv Note:
The knowledge of the particular structure (the location of half-step within the scale) is essential to the accomplished improviser.

Scales often need to be constructed spontaneously within an improvised solo, understanding of the scale structure will allow this.


Sunday Definition:



A combination of notes which are in harmony with each other due to the relationship between their frequencies.

Today's Discussion is on Scale Degrees1:) Tonic: The lead "tone" of the scale or the "tonic tone" on which the scale is ...

Today's Discussion is on Scale Degrees

1:) Tonic: The lead "tone" of the scale or the "tonic tone" on which the scale is constructed.

2:) Supertonic: super-is a prefix meaning "above". Therefore supertonic implies the "tone above the tone. Fitting for the closest scale tone just above the tonic.

3:)Mediant: deals with something in the middle of two things. The "things" referred to in this example are the notes C-E-G. These notes form a tonic triad in this key of C. The 3rd, E, is our note in the middle making it the mediant.

4:) Subdominant: Or the dominant below the dominant. The prefix sub implying that it is below the dominant. Its triad (the subdominant triad) is not thought of as being if as importance as the dominant in relation to it harmonic function within the key.

5:) Dominant: Has to do with certain functions of the dominant 7th chord. These these functions result in the chord dominating the other chords within the same key.

6:) Submediant: This one is a little more confusing but it makes better sence if you view the term as two separate parts, then reunify them. Mediant (not including the sub) is the 6th (A) as the middle unit in the series of tones formed by the subdominant triad F-A-C, in which the A (the 6th) is a mediant. However, because the 6th (A) is the mediant of the subdominant triad, the prefix sub- is used to describe that mediant as submediant properly; the mediant of the subdominant. The alternative term superdominant (dominant "above" the dominant), seems to be an entirely logical replacement for submediant.

7:) Leading tone: Refers to the quality of suggesting contained in the 7th degree, with the word "leading" implying an impending resolution of that tone to the octave. Although, this theory of the leading quality of the 7th is not necessarily a contemporary concept. The term often preferred here happens to be the less common one offered in some other text, suboctave.

8:) Octave: oct- meaning eight, this term can be traced back to the study of intervals in which the octave means this is the 8th tone of the scale.


This weeks term -polyphony-
The style of simultaneously combining a number of parts, each forming an individual melody and harmonizing with each other.
\plural noun: polyphonies
(on an electronic keyboard or synthesizer) the number of notes or voices that can be played simultaneously without loss.

In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work. In particular, polyphony consists of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with just one voice, monophony, or a texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords, which is called homophony.


New Definition!

In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key to another. This may but does not have to consist of a complete change in the key signature. Modulations act to articulate and assist in creating the structure of many pieces they also help to add interest.


Hey friends its been a while since I posted anything. Not sure where the surge of energy to make a post is comming from but nonetheless here it is. Lets talk about Arpeggios. An Arpeggio is a musical technique which you will come across all the time in lots of different styles. The music theory term arpeggio (or broken chord) simply describes when the notes of a chord are played one after the other rather than at the same time.


New term for the taking.

The trill (or shake, as it was known from the 16th until the 19th century) is a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes, usually a semitone or tone apart, which can be identified with the context of the trill.[2] (compare mordent and tremolo). It is sometimes referred to by the German Triller, the Italian trillo, the French trille or the Spanish trino. A cadential trill is a trill associated with a cadence.

A trill provides rhythmic interest, melodic interest, and—through dissonance—harmonic interest.[3] Sometimes it is expected that the trill will end with a turn (by sounding the note below rather than the note above the principal note, immediately before the last sounding of the principal note), or some other variation. Such variations are often marked with a few appoggiaturas following the note that bears the trill indication.


Today I would like to discuss "simple time". Simple time is a musical rhythm or meter in which each beat in a measure can be subdivided simply into halves or quarters.


This week I would like to discuss the idea or rather principle know as relative minor. The idea is pretty simple and has two main points. First, every Major scale shares the same exact notes with a related minor scale. The second concept to know is that you can find the relative minor of a key by going to the 6th note of the major scale being played. (e.g. the 6th of a C Major scale is an A). Using the concept of relative minor we now know that the A minor scale has similar notes to C major.


Bonus term "Melody". A melody is a succession of musical notes played one note at a time. in relation to harmony if a few notes played together are considered harmonic, than a few noted played in a row are considered melodic. The melody can be applied to any musical line on any instrument, including the voice. Thanks for your time and have a great day!


Lets look at another basic music term this week "Harmony". Harmony can be defined as the simultaneous playing of two or more notes together at the same time. Most often harmony is thought to be pleasing to the ear but even very dissonant note combinations are still considered harmonic. Hope this has helped and remember to keep practicing!


This weeks musical term I want to look at is "Rhythm". Rhythm is the beat, or pulse, that gives music movement and, oftentimes, it's shape. It can be the groove of a solo player or the swing of a band. Rhythm is a subdivision of space and time into a repeated pattern. It is the controlled movement of music in time. Rhythm is the division of music into regular metric portions; the regular pulsation of music.

This week I would like to focus on "D.S. al CODA". The D.S. al CODA is a type of repeat sign. The letters D.S. mean "fro...

This week I would like to focus on "D.S. al CODA". The D.S. al CODA is a type of repeat sign. The letters D.S. mean "from the sign. The example below should help to better explain what to do when encountering a D.S. al CODA in a piece of music.




Hello everyone it's Monday and I have some music knowledge to throw your way. This week we will look at he term "Fermata"
A fermata may appear above or below a note. When it appears is means that you should hold the note longer than its normal time value. Fermatas most often appear at the end of a song.


This weeks term is "accompaniment". An accompaniment is the chord harmony playing alongside the melody and other parts of a song. *Just a friendly reminder....a chord is a combination of three or more musical tones that are sounded simultaneously. Have a great week and don't forget to practice at least 15 minutes a day!

Untitled Album

Untitled Album

Untitled Album

Untitled Album


This weeks term is the "gypsy scale". The gypsy scale is named so for its exotic sound. The scale resembles the harmonic minor scale, but with an augmented fourth and goes as follows (C4, D4, E♭4, F♯4, G4, A♭4, B4, C5). Another name for the "gypsy scale" is the "Hungarian minor scale"


So I'm feeling good this week. As a result I am going to post a bonus word. The bonus term is going to be "Polyrythm". A polyrythm occurs when a piece has two different counts working against each other.


Monday's word is "Key". Key refers to a specific scale named after the tonic or keynote. The key can be either major or minor and can be identified by the number of sharps or flats in a song.


This weeks word is "Glissando". A glissando is a quick ascending or descending of the scale. On a string instrument a glissando will ascend or descend in semitones. On the piano a glissando will include the white keys thus moving in both semi and whole tones.


Sorry about the delay but this weeks music term is "tetrachord". A tetrachord is the perfect fourth and the set of four notes within.


Today's term is "Jete". Jete refers to a bow technique where the artist skip's or bounce's across the strings of an instrument to produce fast, staccato arpeggios.

A little more on scales!

A little more on scales!


It's Monday, that means I have some MUSIC KNOWLEDGE to throw your way! This weeks term is "Scale". A scale is a sequence of notes placed in ascending or descending order that present the pitches of a key or mode beginning with what is referred to as the tonic note.


This weeks definition is "cadence". Cadence is the term referring to the end of a musical chord sequence or phrase. The end of a harmonic sequence which allows the piece to develop a sense of harmonic completion.


Hello all! On account of the fact that this term is directly associated to my entity this weeks word is going to be "Legato". Legato refers being smoothly connected. It is used as an instructional term signifying tones smoothly joined together. Hope everyone has a great week and don't forget to practice!

Fun Chart

Fun Chart


Albany, NY

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Thursday 9am - 9pm
Friday 9am - 9pm
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