HISTORY OF ADDIS ABABA አዲስ አበባ
While previous capitals in Ethiopia’s history were usually chosen because of their strategic importance, the location of Addis Ababa was chosen because of its pleasant climate, its natural beauty, and the presence of nearby mineral baths. The consort of the Emperor Menelik II, Tatyu Betul, encouraged interest in the site by first building a house for use of the nearby hot mineral spring.
The previous capital, Entoto, named for the mountain to the north of Addis Ababa, was known for its defensible nature and had strategic importance. Soon after Tatyu had settled at Addis, however, other nobles and their households began to follow. Once Menelik’s power in the region became more secure, he moved the court there permanently.