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Epidemiology

Epidemiology Like EPIDEMIOLOGY to get the latest updates! EPIDEMIOLOGY publishes original research from all fields of epidemiology. The journal also welcomes review articles and meta-analyses, novel hypotheses, descriptions and applications of new methods, and discussions of research theory or public health policy.

We give special consideration to papers from developing countries.

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Synthetic Negative Controls: Using Simulation to Screen Large-Scale Propensity Score Analysesfrom Wyss, Richard; Schneew...
04/29/2022
Synthetic Negative Controls: Using Simulation to Screen... : Epidemiology

Synthetic Negative Controls: Using Simulation to Screen Large-Scale Propensity Score Analyses

from Wyss, Richard; Schneeweiss, Sebastian; Lin, Kueiyu Joshua; Miller, David P; Kalilani, Linda; Franklin, Jessica M

se settings, balance diagnostics are useful but do not inform researchers on which variables balance should be assessed or quantify the impact of residual covariate imbalance on bias. Here, we propose a framework to supplement balance diagnostics when comparing large-scale propensity score analyses....

Have paved trails and protected bike lanes led to more bicycling in Atlanta? A generalized synthetic-control analysisfro...
04/29/2022
Have paved trails and protected bike lanes led to more... : Epidemiology

Have paved trails and protected bike lanes led to more bicycling in Atlanta? A generalized synthetic-control analysis

from Garber, Michael D.; Flanders, W. Dana; Watkins, Kari E.; Lobelo, R.L. Felipe; Kramer, Michael R.; McCullough, Lauren E.

. The Atlanta area has been expanding its bicycle infrastructure, including off-street paved trails such as the Atlanta BeltLine and some protected bike lanes. Methods: Using the generalized synthetic control method, we estimated effects of five groups of off-street paved trails and protected bike l...

Higher Moments Matter for Optimal Balance Weighting in Causal Estimationfrom Huang, Melody Y.; Vegetabile, Brian G.; Bur...
04/28/2022
Higher Moments Matter for Optimal Balance Weighting in... : Epidemiology

Higher Moments Matter for Optimal Balance Weighting in Causal Estimation

from Huang, Melody Y.; Vegetabile, Brian G.; Burgette, Lane F.; Setodji, Claude; Griffin, Beth Ann

neralized boosted models can outperform covariate-balancing propensity scores, and entropy balance when there are likely to be non-linear associations in both the treatment assignment and outcome models and when the other two models are fine-tuned to obtain balance only on first-order moments. We ex...

Immigrant-related policies and the health outcomes of Latinx adults in the United States: A systematic reviewfrom Crooke...
04/28/2022
Immigrant-related policies and the health outcomes of... : Epidemiology

Immigrant-related policies and the health outcomes of Latinx adults in the United States: A systematic review

from Crookes, Danielle M.; Stanhope, Kaitlyn K.; Suglia, Shakira F.

ethods: We searched seven databases for quantitative studies, published as of September 2021, examining the association between the presence of federal, state, or local immigrant-related policy(ies), over time or cross-sectionally, and mental or physical health outcomes among immigrant or US-born La...

Prenatal antidepressant exposure and the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in childhood: A cohort study w...
04/27/2022
Prenatal antidepressant exposure and the risk of... : Epidemiology

Prenatal antidepressant exposure and the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in childhood: A cohort study with triangulation

from Esen, Buket Öztürk; Ehrenstein, Vera; Sørensen, Henrik Toft; Laugesen, Kristina; Pedersen, Lars

the existing evidence. We aimed to assess this effect using triangulation. Methods: Using population-based health registries, we conducted a nationwide cohort study of all children born in Denmark between 1997 and 2017 and followed through 2018 for ADHD. We assessed the effect of prenatal antidepres...

E-Cigarette Use and Combustible Cigarette Smoking Initiation among Youth: Accounting for Time-Varying Exposure and Time-...
04/26/2022
E-Cigarette Use and Combustible Cigarette Smoking... : Epidemiology

E-Cigarette Use and Combustible Cigarette Smoking Initiation among Youth: Accounting for Time-Varying Exposure and Time-Dependent Confounding

from Harlow, Alyssa F.; Stokes, Andrew C.; Brooks, Daniel R.; Benjamin, Emelia J.; Barrington-Trimis, Jessica L.; Ross, Craig S.

the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (2013-2019), we estimated marginal structural models with inverse probability of treatment and censoring weights to examine the association between time-varying e-cigarette initiation and subsequent cigarette smoking initiation among e-cigarette- and c...

Incretin-Based Drugs and the Incidence of Prostate Cancer Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetesfrom Lu, Sally; Yin, Hui; Y...
04/26/2022
Incretin-Based Drugs and the Incidence of Prostate Cancer... : Epidemiology

Incretin-Based Drugs and the Incidence of Prostate Cancer Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

from Lu, Sally; Yin, Hui; Yu, Oriana H. Y.; Azoulay, Laurent

stimate whether use of GLP-1 receptor agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors, separately, is associated with a decreased risk of prostate cancer among patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: We assembled two new-user, active comparator cohorts using the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink (200...

Beyond Vaccination Rates: A Synthetic Random Proxy Metric of Total SARS-CoV-2 Immunity Seroprevalence in the Communityfr...
04/25/2022
Beyond Vaccination Rates: A Synthetic Random Proxy Metric... : Epidemiology

Beyond Vaccination Rates: A Synthetic Random Proxy Metric of Total SARS-CoV-2 Immunity Seroprevalence in the Community

from Si, Yajuan; Covello, Leonard; Wang, Siquan; Covello, Theodore; Gelman, Andrew

fects of naturally acquired immunity, which varies broadly throughout the country and world. Without broad or random sampling of the population, accurate measurement of persistent immunity post natural infection is generally unavailable. Methods: To enable tracking of both naturally acquired and vac...

Prenatal exposure to insecticides and weight trajectories among South African children in the VHEMBE birth cohortfrom Ki...
04/25/2022
Prenatal exposure to insecticides and weight trajectories... : Epidemiology

Prenatal exposure to insecticides and weight trajectories among South African children in the VHEMBE birth cohort

from Kim, Joanne; Yang, Seungmi; Moodie, Erica E. M.; Obida, Muvhulawa; Bornman, Riana; Eskenazi, Brenda; Chevrier, Jonathan

edge, few studies have investigated the potential impact of prenatal exposure to DDT or pyrethroids on growth trajectories. Methods: We investigated associations between gestational insecticide exposure and child growth trajectories in the Venda Health Examination of Mothers, Babies and their Enviro...

Marginal versus conditional odds ratios when updating risk prediction modelsfrom Sadatsafavi, Mohsen; Tavakoli, Hamid; S...
04/22/2022
Marginal versus conditional odds ratios when updating risk... : Epidemiology

Marginal versus conditional odds ratios when updating risk prediction models

from Sadatsafavi, Mohsen; Tavakoli, Hamid; Safari, Abdollah

d is to use a logistic regression model to estimate this odds ratio. A simpler method has been proposed that calculates this odds ratio from the prevalence estimates in the original and new samples. We show that the marginal odds ratio estimated in this way is generally closer to one than the correc...

A Prospective Cohort Study of Seasonal Variation in Spontaneous Abortionfrom Wesselink, Amelia K.; Wise, Lauren A.; Hatc...
04/21/2022
A Prospective Cohort Study of Seasonal Variation in... : Epidemiology

A Prospective Cohort Study of Seasonal Variation in Spontaneous Abortion

from Wesselink, Amelia K.; Wise, Lauren A.; Hatch, Elizabeth E.; Mikkelsen, Ellen M.; Savitz, David A.; Kirwa, Kipruto; Rothman, Kenneth J.

dy Online—a preconception cohort study of pregnancy planners from the United States and Canada—to examine seasonal variation in spontaneous abortion risk. We enrolled 12,197 women during 2013 to 2020, 6104 of whom reported a conception within 12 months of enrollment. On follow-up questionnaires,...

Smoking During Pregnancy and Risk of Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in the Third Generationfrom Yim, Gyeyoon; ...
04/21/2022
Smoking During Pregnancy and Risk of... : Epidemiology

Smoking During Pregnancy and Risk of Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in the Third Generation

from Yim, Gyeyoon; Roberts, Andrea; Ascherio, Alberto; Wypij, David; Kioumourtzoglou, Marianthi-Anna; Weisskopf, and Marc G.

le pregnant and risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in her grandchildren. Methods: Our study population included 53,653 Nurses’ Health Study II (NHS-II) participants (generation 1 [G1]), their mothers (generation 0 [G0]), and their 120,467 live-born children (generation 2 [G2])...

Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes in Two Cohorts of Pregnant Women With HIV in Zambiafrom Price, Joan T.; Sebastião, Yuri V...
04/20/2022
Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes in Two Cohorts of Pregnant... : Epidemiology

Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes in Two Cohorts of Pregnant Women With HIV in Zambia

from Price, Joan T.; Sebastião, Yuri V.; Vwalika, Bellington; Cole, Stephen R.; Mbewe, Felistas M.; Phiri, Winifreda M.; Freeman, Bethany L.; Kasaro, Margaret P.; Peterson, Marc; Rouse, Dwight J.; Stringer, Elizabeth M.; Stringer, Jeffrey S. A.

s, we compare the risks of preterm birth (

Bacterial Vaginosis and Prospective Ultrasound Measures of Uterine Fibroid Incidence and Growthfrom Moore, Kristen R.; H...
04/20/2022
Bacterial Vaginosis and Prospective Ultrasound Measures of... : Epidemiology

Bacterial Vaginosis and Prospective Ultrasound Measures of Uterine Fibroid Incidence and Growth

from Moore, Kristen R.; Harmon, Quaker E.; Zhao, Shanshan; Taylor, Brandie D.; Baird, Donna D.

nosis (BV). Both fibroids and BV have documented racial–ethnic disparities, with higher burden in Blacks. Methods: With prospective data from a community-based study (four standardized ultrasound examinations over 5 years) in young Black women, we examined baseline BV associations with fibroid inc...

Impacts of the Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid Expansion on Live Birthsfrom Gartner, Danielle R.; Kaestner, Robert; Marge...
04/19/2022
Impacts of the Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid Expansion on... : Epidemiology

Impacts of the Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid Expansion on Live Births

from Gartner, Danielle R.; Kaestner, Robert; Margerison, Claire E.

by increasing access to contraception and financial well-being. These impacts may differ by maternal socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Methods: Using data from birth certificates aggregated to the state–year level and a difference-in-differences design, we estimated the association be...

Describing Intersectional Health Outcomes: An Evaluation of Data Analysis Methodsfrom Mahendran, Mayuri; Lizotte, Daniel...
04/19/2022
Describing Intersectional Health Outcomes: An Evaluation of ... : Epidemiology

Describing Intersectional Health Outcomes: An Evaluation of Data Analysis Methods

from Mahendran, Mayuri; Lizotte, Daniel; Bauer, Greta R.

ethods: Using data simulated to reflect plausible epidemiologic data scenarios, we evaluated methods for intercategorical intersectional analysis of continuous outcomes, including cross-classification, regression with interactions, multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity (MAIHDA), and decisi...

The Impact of Job Loss on Self-injury Mortality in a Cohort of Autoworkers: Application of a Novel Causal Approachfrom D...
04/18/2022
The Impact of Job Loss on Self-injury Mortality in a Cohort ... : Epidemiology

The Impact of Job Loss on Self-injury Mortality in a Cohort of Autoworkers: Application of a Novel Causal Approach

from Dufault, Suzanne M.; Chen, Kevin T.; Picciotto, Sally; Neophytou, Andreas M.; Eisen, Ellen A.

Using the United Autoworkers-General Motors (GM) cohort as a case study, we examine the impact of employment loss on these self-injury mortality events. For 29,538 autoworkers employed on or after 1 January 1970, we apply incremental propensity score interventions, a novel causal inference approach,...

Concordance of Data About Sex From Electronic Health Records and the National Death Index: Implications for Transgender ...
04/18/2022
Concordance of Data About Sex From Electronic Health... : Epidemiology

Concordance of Data About Sex From Electronic Health Records and the National Death Index: Implications for Transgender Populations

from Blosnich, John R.; Boyer, Taylor L.

(NDI) data may facilitate mortality research about transgender populations, but binary measures of sex and gender may pose problems for analyses. This study explored differences in sex recorded in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) electronic health record (EHR) and NDI data between transgender an...

Joint Models for Estimating Determinants of Cognitive Decline in the Presence of Survival Biasfrom Davis-Plourde, Kendra...
04/14/2022
Joint Models for Estimating Determinants of Cognitive... : Epidemiology

Joint Models for Estimating Determinants of Cognitive Decline in the Presence of Survival Bias

from Davis-Plourde, Kendra L.; Mayeda, Elizabeth Rose; Lodi, Sara; Filshtein, Teresa; Beiser, Alexa; Gross, Alden L.; Seshadri, Sudha; Glymour, M. Maria; Tripodis, Yorghos

ognitive decline and many exposures of interest are associated with mortality making survival a collider. Not accounting for informative attrition can result in survival bias. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) and linear mixed-effects model (LME) are commonly used to estimate effects of exposur...

The Case for Case–Cohort: An Applied Epidemiologist’s Guide to Reframing Case–Cohort Studies to Improve Usability and Fl...
04/14/2022
The Case for Case–Cohort: An Applied Epidemiologist’s Guide ... : Epidemiology

The Case for Case–Cohort: An Applied Epidemiologist’s Guide to Reframing Case–Cohort Studies to Improve Usability and Flexibility

from O’Brien, Katie M.; Lawrence, Kaitlyn G.; Keil, Alexander P.

recision for addressing a singular research question, but case–cohort studies have broader efficiency and superior flexibility. Despite this, case–cohort designs are comparatively underutilized in the epidemiologic literature. Recent advances in statistical methods and software have made analyse...

A Flexible Statistical Framework for Estimating Excess Mortalityfrom Acosta, Rolando J.; Irizarry, Rafael A.
04/13/2022
A Flexible Statistical Framework for Estimating Excess... : Epidemiology

A Flexible Statistical Framework for Estimating Excess Mortality

from Acosta, Rolando J.; Irizarry, Rafael A.

health outcomes, partly due to its unambiguous definition. As a result, excess mortality estimates are an increasingly effective approach for quantifying the effect of an event. However, the fact that indirect effects are often characterized by small, but enduring, increases in mortality rates prese...

Estimation of Relative Vaccine Effectiveness in Influenza: A Systematic Review of Methodologyfrom McMenamin, Martina E.;...
04/13/2022
Estimation of Relative Vaccine Effectiveness in Influenza:... : Epidemiology

Estimation of Relative Vaccine Effectiveness in Influenza: A Systematic Review of Methodology

from McMenamin, Martina E.; Bond, Helen S.; Sullivan, Sheena G.; Cowling, Benjamin J.

med in studies of influenza to inform a more standardized approach. Methods: We conducted a systematic search on PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science for studies reporting rVE comparing vaccine components, dose, or vaccination schedules. We screened titles, abstracts, full texts, and reference...

Estimands and Estimation of COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness Under the Test-Negative Design: Connections to Causal Inferen...
04/12/2022
Estimands and Estimation of COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness... : Epidemiology

Estimands and Estimation of COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness Under the Test-Negative Design: Connections to Causal Inference

from Schnitzer, Mireille E.

ecoming a mainstay for monitoring postlicensure vaccine effectiveness, epidemiologists and biostatisticians may be interested in further understanding the effect measures being estimated in these studies and connections to causal effects. Logistic regression is typically applied to estimate the cond...

Identifying Sensitive Windows of Exposure to NO2 and Fetal Growth Trajectories in a Spanish Birth Cohortfrom Whitworth, ...
04/12/2022
Identifying Sensitive Windows of Exposure to NO2 and Fetal... : Epidemiology

Identifying Sensitive Windows of Exposure to NO2 and Fetal Growth Trajectories in a Spanish Birth Cohort

from Whitworth, Kristina W.; Rector, Alison; Ish, Jennifer; Chauhan, Suneet P. J.; Ibarluzea, Jesús; Guxens, Mònica; Swartz, Michael D.; Symanski, Elaine; Iñiguez, Carmen

growth. Methods: We included 1,685 women from INMA with serial ultrasounds at 12, 20, and 34 gestational weeks. We measured biparietal diameter (BPD), femur length, and abdominal circumference (AC) and from them calculated estimated fetal weight (EFW). We calculated z-scores describing trajectories....

Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality A Longitudinal Cohort Study of 400,459 Adultsfrom Guo, Cui; ...
04/11/2022
Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality ... : Epidemiology

Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality A Longitudinal Cohort Study of 400,459 Adults

from Guo, Cui; Yu, Tsung; Bo, Yacong; Lin, Changqing; Chang, Ly-yun; Wong, Martin C. S.; Yu, Zengli; Lau, Alexis K. H.; Tam, Tony; Lao, Xiang Qian

een ambient PM2.5 and all-cause and cause-specific mortality over a period of rising and then declining PM2.5. Methods: We enrolled a total of 400,459 adults from an open cohort between 2001 and 2016, and followed them up until 31 May 2019. We obtained mortality data from the National Death Registry...

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Durante dos años yo estuve ofreciendo un remedio natural contra el coronavirus y pregunté si querían realizar la prueba científica y nadie se interesó. Se hubieran salvado millones de personas.
The value of #molecular #POCT for #managing #infectious #diseases https://www.mlo-online.com/diagnostics/poct/article/21235131/the-value-of-molecular-poct-for-managing-infectious-diseases #MLO #LABline #medical #laboratory #clinical #healthcare #epidemiology #immunology #testing #diagnostics #PRC #flu #TMA #COVID #RT-RPA #GroupAStreptococcus #GAS Orchard Software Corp Orchard Software Orchard Systems Orchard Learning Systems Software Orchard Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - ECDC INFECTIOUS DISEASE Lowcountry Infectious Diseases Families Fighting Flu Flu FluNews Group A Strep Study Group A Trust me, I'm a Medical Technologist Epidemiology Epidemiology Epidemiology Certification Board of Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. American College of Epidemiology World Health Organization (WHO) HealthCare.gov CDC Global University of Maryland School of Public Health U.S. Public Health Service Nurses Commissioned Corps of the U.S. Public Health Service Los Angeles County Department of Public Health Alabama Public Health Virgin Islands Department of Health CARPHA Caribbean Public Health Agency Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services Public Health Command Europe Georgia Department of Public Health HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) Department of Public Health, Myanmar Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI)
Thank you Andrea Blue... I knew soda was bad but I really was unaware of all the dangers of carbonation... be well soon! https://www.facebook.com/EpidemiologyJournal
Patient centered¡¡
"Everybody thinks viral molecules are stable, but they’re not. They flip and they flop." . . #Science #scienceisreal #coronavirus #COVID19 #fauci #health CDC World Health Organization (WHO) National Institutes of Health (NIH) AAAS - The American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellowships Big Think Science Science Channel Science IFLScience ScienceAlert #culture Biology Epidemiology Epidemiology #epidemiology #vaccines #vaccination #vaccinesafetyadvocate https://click.nautil.us/fauci-about-funding-and-research
COVID-19 has made us all aware of the fact that we live in a world full of invisible enemies, which from time to time, become powerful enough to turn everything upside down. A specialist in the cellular biology of diseases, Salvador Macip explains, in a language everyone can understand, what it means to share the planet with millions of microbes – some wonderful allies, others terrible foes. See more: https://politybooks.com/bookdetail/?isbn=9781509546565 (might be of interest to Epidemiology, Your local epidemiologist and Epidemiology)
I have good publications on epidemiology. Please see my profile below.
"This is a global event. It is going to hit every community everywhere in the world." https://click.nautil.us/coming-pandemic . . #science #scienceisreal CDC World Health Organization (WHO) National Institutes of Health (NIH) #pandemic #pandemic2020 #COVID19 Science Channel Science ScienceAlert #vaccine #fauci Epidemiology Epidemiology #biology #disease #virus
#CRG: COVID-19: Epidemiology, Evolution, and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives | Corona ResearchGate #ieearc Microbiology Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control & Research - IEDCR Epidemiology and Disease Control Division Epidemiology Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) Epidemiología Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control & Research - IEDCR Wiley Microbiology Microbiologie Microbiology Microbiology Microbiologist Immunology Wiley Immunology Science Immunology British Society for Immunology Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Immunology and Microbiology Journals This Week in Virology Virology All the Virology on the Face book Microbiology, immunology, virology, infectious disease department Virology Virology Institute of Human Virology Wuhan Institute of Virology WIV, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS Virology and Cell Technology Lab - BIOTEC Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria Virology Education National Institute of Virology https://www.coronaresearchgate.com/forum/research-forum/covid-19-epidemiology-evolution-and-cross-disciplinary-perspectives
"People should know how pro-industry forces at EPA have been working to modify the science review process used for evaluating the National Ambient Air Quality Standards." A new article in Epidemiology by Faculty Fellow Jen Richmond-Bryant of the NC State College of Natural Resources details a troubling change in how studies are used to understand pollution exposure: http://ow.ly/mNKP50BMwUX
En el número de septiembre de la revista Epidemiology se publicará este trabajo sobre la relación entre la exposición a la luz exterior artificial durante en la noche y el cáncer colorrectal en España. #contaminaciónlumínica #lightpollution https://journals.lww.com/epidem/Citation/2020/09000/Association_Between_Outdoor_Light_at_night.17.aspx
Streetlights may raise risks for colon cancer 💡🧬💡 Researchers reported than people with the highest exposures to blue light had a 60% higher risk of developing colon cancer compared to those who were less exposed. The research is expanding the idea of light pollution to something that may have biological consequences. Researches from ISGLOBAL - Barcelona Institute for Global Health and Lenox Hill Hospital published in the Epidemiology Journal | American Cancer Society ⚕ An article of UPI News Agency | HealthDay News 🌐⬇️🌐 https://www.upi.com/Health_News/2020/07/31/Streetlights-may-raise-risks-for-colon-cancer/1411596214642/?spt=su&or=btn_tw