Epidemiology

Epidemiology Like EPIDEMIOLOGY to get the latest updates! EPIDEMIOLOGY publishes original research from all fields of epidemiology. The journal also welcomes review articles and meta-analyses, novel hypotheses, descriptions and applications of new methods, and discussions of research theory or public health policy.
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Term Birth Weight and Neurodevelopmental Outcomesfrom Cortese, Marianna; Moster, Dag; Wilcox, Allen J.
06/23/2021
Term Birth Weight and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes : Epidemiology

Term Birth Weight and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes

from Cortese, Marianna; Moster, Dag; Wilcox, Allen J.

a population-based study of term birth weight and its link to a range of neurodevelopmental outcomes using Norwegian health registries. To remove the influence of preterm birth, we restricted our analyses to 1.8 million singleton babies born during a narrow range of term gestational age (39–41 wee...

Prenatal Exposure to Mixtures of Persistent Endocrine-disrupting Chemicals and Birth Size in a Population-based Cohort o...
06/22/2021
Prenatal Exposure to Mixtures of Persistent... : Epidemiology

Prenatal Exposure to Mixtures of Persistent Endocrine-disrupting Chemicals and Birth Size in a Population-based Cohort of British Girls

from Marks, Kristin J.; Howards, Penelope P.; Smarr, Melissa M.; Flanders, W. Dana; Northstone, Kate; Daniel, Johnni H.; Sjödin, Andreas; Calafat, Antonia M.; Hartman, Terryl J.

ors (perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances [PFAS], polychlorinated biphenyls [PCBs], and organochlorine pesticides) with birth size among female offspring in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), based in the United Kingdom in 1991–1992. Methods: We quantified conce...

Accounting for Repeat Pregnancies in Risk Prediction Modelsfrom Grandi, Sonia M.; Filion, Kristian B.; Hutcheon, Jennife...
06/21/2021
Accounting for Repeat Pregnancies in Risk Prediction Models : Epidemiology

Accounting for Repeat Pregnancies in Risk Prediction Models

from Grandi, Sonia M.; Filion, Kristian B.; Hutcheon, Jennifer A.; Rosella, Laura C.; Platt, Robert W.

ion between predictors and the outcomes, as well as the influence of ignoring the nonindependence between pregnancies, we created four analytical cohorts using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. The cohorts included (1) first deliveries, (2) a random sample of one delivery per woman, (3) all e...

Social Networks and HIV Care Outcomes in Rural Kenya and Ugandafrom Chen, Yiqun T.; Brown, Lillian; Chamie, Gabriel; Kwa...
06/21/2021
Social Networks and HIV Care Outcomes in Rural Kenya and... : Epidemiology

Social Networks and HIV Care Outcomes in Rural Kenya and Uganda

from Chen, Yiqun T.; Brown, Lillian; Chamie, Gabriel; Kwarisiima, Dalsone; Ayieko, James; Kabami, Jane; Charlebois, Edwin; Clark, Tamara; Kamya, Moses; Havlir, Diane V.; Petersen, Maya L.; Balzer, Laura B.

to know their status, have initiated treatment, and be virally suppressed. Methods: Between 2013 and 2014, 168,720 adult residents in the SEARCH Study were census-enumerated, offered HIV testing, and asked to name social contacts. Social networks were constructed by matching named contacts to other....

Dengue, Severity Paradox, and Socioeconomic Distribution Among Afro-Colombiansfrom Carabali, Mabel; Maheu-Giroux, Mathie...
06/18/2021
Dengue, Severity Paradox, and Socioeconomic Distribution... : Epidemiology

Dengue, Severity Paradox, and Socioeconomic Distribution Among Afro-Colombians

from Carabali, Mabel; Maheu-Giroux, Mathieu; Kaufman, Jay S.

ty. This “severity paradox” has been hypothesized as resulting from confounding or heterogeneity by socioeconomic status (SES). However, few systematic analyses have been conducted to investigate the presence and nature of the disparity paradox. Methods: We fit Bayesian hierarchical spatiotempor...

A Trial Emulation Approach for Policy Evaluations with Group-level Longitudinal Datafrom Ben-Michael, Eli; Feller, Avi; ...
06/18/2021
A Trial Emulation Approach for Policy Evaluations with... : Epidemiology

A Trial Emulation Approach for Policy Evaluations with Group-level Longitudinal Data

from Ben-Michael, Eli; Feller, Avi; Stuart, Elizabeth A.

es, leverage repeated measurements, and variation in timing to estimate policy effects, including in the COVID-19 context. Although these methods are less common in epidemiology, epidemiologic researchers are well accustomed to handling similar complexities in studies of individual-level interventio...

Social Distancing and SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Potential Early in the Epidemic in Finlandfrom Auranen, Kari; Shubin, Mikh...
06/17/2021
Social Distancing and SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Potential... : Epidemiology

Social Distancing and SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Potential Early in the Epidemic in Finland

from Auranen, Kari; Shubin, Mikhail; Karhunen, Markku; Sivelä, Jonas; Leino, Tuija; Nurhonen, Markku

ic in Finland, one month after strong social distancing measures had been introduced nationwide. We defined a contact as exchange of at least a few words in proximity of another person. We also considered physical (“skin-to-skin”) contacts separately. Based on 3,171 reported contacts by 1,320 pa...

Estimating the Cumulative Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and the Infection Fatality Ratio in Light of Waning Antibodi...
06/17/2021
Estimating the Cumulative Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection ... : Epidemiology

Estimating the Cumulative Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and the Infection Fatality Ratio in Light of Waning Antibodies

from Shioda, Kayoko; Lau, Max S.Y.; Kraay, Alicia N.M.; Nelson, Kristin N.; Siegler, Aaron J.; Sullivan, Patrick S.; Collins, Matthew H.; Weitz, Joshua S.; Lopman, Benjamin A.

ich is not necessarily equivalent to the duration of protective immunity). We estimate the cumulative incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection from serology studies, accounting for expected levels of antibody acquisition (seroconversion) and waning (seroreversion), and apply this framework using data from....

Theoretical Framework for Retrospective Studies of the Effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccinesfrom Lewnard, Joseph A.; Pate...
06/16/2021
Theoretical Framework for Retrospective Studies of the... : Epidemiology

Theoretical Framework for Retrospective Studies of the Effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines

from Lewnard, Joseph A.; Patel, Manish M.; Jewell, Nicholas P.; Verani, Jennifer R.; Kobayashi, Miwako; Tenforde, Mark W.; Dean, Natalie E.; Cowling, Benjamin J.; Lopman, Benjamin A.

tegies used to assess vaccine effectiveness, such studies may encounter important threats to validity. Here, we review the theoretical basis for estimation of vaccine direct effects under traditional case-control and test-negative design frameworks, addressing specific natural history parameters of....

A Congener-specific and Mixture Analysis of Plasma Polychlorinated Biphenyl Levels and Incident Breast Cancerfrom Parada...
06/16/2021
A Congener-specific and Mixture Analysis of Plasma... : Epidemiology

A Congener-specific and Mixture Analysis of Plasma Polychlorinated Biphenyl Levels and Incident Breast Cancer

from Parada, Humberto Jr; Benmarhnia, Tarik; Engel, Lawrence S.; Sun, Xuezheng; Tse, Chiu-Kit; Hoh, Eunha; Olshan, Andrew F.; Troester, Melissa A.

This study included 845 White and 562 Black women who participated in the population-based, case–control Carolina Breast Cancer Study Phase I. Cases (n = 748) were women with a first diagnosis of histologically confirmed, invasive breast cancer residing in 24 counties in central and eastern North ...

Effects of Hot Nights on Mortality in Southern Europefrom Royé, Dominic; Sera, Francesco; Tobías, Aurelio; Lowe, Rachel;...
06/15/2021
Effects of Hot Nights on Mortality in Southern Europe : Epidemiology

Effects of Hot Nights on Mortality in Southern Europe

from Royé, Dominic; Sera, Francesco; Tobías, Aurelio; Lowe, Rachel; Gasparrini, Antonio; Pascal, Mathilde; de’Donato, Francesca; Nunes, Baltazar; Teixeira, Joao Paulo

t duration and excess to predict daily cause-specific mortality in summer, using multiple cities across Southern Europe. Methods: We fitted time series regression models to summer cause-specific mortality, including natural, respiratory, and cardiovascular causes, in 11 cities across four countries....

A Direct Estimate of the Impact of PM2.5, NO2, and O3 Exposure on Life Expectancy Using Propensity Scoresfrom Schwartz, ...
06/15/2021
A Direct Estimate of the Impact of PM2.5, NO2, and O3... : Epidemiology

A Direct Estimate of the Impact of PM2.5, NO2, and O3 Exposure on Life Expectancy Using Propensity Scores

from Schwartz, Joel D.; Di, Qian; Requia, Weeberb J.; Dominici, Francesca; Zanobetti, Antonella

ipants in Medicare from 2000 to 2016 (637,207,589 person-years of follow-up). We fit separate logistic regressions modeling the probability of death at each year of age from 65 to 98 or older as a function of exposure to particulate matter less tha 2.5 µM in diameter (PM2.5), NO2, and O3, using sep...

Long-term Exposure to PM2.5 and Mortality for the Older Population: Effect Modification by Residential Greennessfrom Son...
06/15/2021
Long-term Exposure to PM2.5 and Mortality for the Older... : Epidemiology

Long-term Exposure to PM2.5 and Mortality for the Older Population: Effect Modification by Residential Greenness

from Son, Ji-Young; Sabath, M. Benjamin; Lane, Kevin J.; Miranda, Marie Lynn; Dominici, Francesca; Di, Qian; Schwartz, Joel; Bell, Michelle L.

ne particles (PM2.5) and mortality. Methods: We used data from all Medicare beneficiaries in North Carolina (NC) and Michigan (MI) (2001–2016). We estimated annual PM2.5 averages using ensemble prediction models. We estimated mortality risk per 1 μg/m3 increase using Cox proportional hazards mode...

Fetal growth trajectories among small for gestational age babies and child neurodevelopmentfrom Ferguson, Kelly K.; Samm...
06/11/2021
Fetal growth trajectories among small for gestational age... : Epidemiology

Fetal growth trajectories among small for gestational age babies and child neurodevelopment

from Ferguson, Kelly K.; Sammallahti, Sara; Rosen, Emma; van den Dries, Michiel; Pronk, Anjoeka; Spaan, Suzanne; Guxens, Mònica; Tiemeier, Henning; Gaillard, Romy; Jaddoe, Vincent W.V.

rowth trajectories can distinguish who will have the worst neurodevelopmental outcomes in childhood among babies born SGA. Methods: The present analysis was conducted in Generation R, a population-based cohort in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (N=5487). Using group-based trajectory modeling, we identifi...

Incidence of HPV-related anogenital intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer in men with diabetes compared with the general ...
06/04/2021
Incidence of HPV-related anogenital intraepithelial... : Epidemiology

Incidence of HPV-related anogenital intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer in men with diabetes compared with the general population

from Reinholdt, K; Thomsen, LT; Munk, C; Dehlendorff, C; Carstensen, B; Jørgensen, ME; Kjaer, SK

tion without diabetes. Materials and methods: In this registry-based cohort study, we included all men born 1916–2001 and residing in Denmark (n=2,528,756). From nationwide registries we retrieved individual-level information on diabetes, educational level, and diagnoses of hgPeIN, hgAIN, pe**le S...

Leveraging pathogen sequence and contact tracing data to enhance vaccine trials in emerging epidemicsfrom Kahn, Rebecca;...
06/03/2021
Leveraging pathogen sequence and contact tracing data to... : Epidemiology

Leveraging pathogen sequence and contact tracing data to enhance vaccine trials in emerging epidemics

from Kahn, Rebecca; Wang, Rui; Leavitt, Sarah V.; Hanage, William P.; Lipsitch, Marc

ly not identifiable in many trial designs because it requires knowledge of infectors’ vaccination status. Recent advances in genomics have improved our ability to reconstruct transmission networks. We aim to assess if augmenting trials with pathogen sequence and contact tracing data can permit the...

Early-life farm exposure and ovarian reserve in a U.S. cohort of womenfrom Upson, Kristen; Weinberg, Clarice R.; Nichols...
06/03/2021
Early-life farm exposure and ovarian reserve in a U.S.... : Epidemiology

Early-life farm exposure and ovarian reserve in a U.S. cohort of women

from Upson, Kristen; Weinberg, Clarice R.; Nichols, Hazel B.; Dinse, Gregg E.; D’Aloisio, Aimee A.; Sandler, Dale P.; Baird, Donna D.

a large U.S. cohort of women. Methods: We collected prenatal and childhood farm exposure data by questionnaire and telephone interview. However, serum AMH data were available only for a nested subset: premenopausal women ages 35-54 subsequently diagnosed with breast cancer (n=418 cases) and their ma...

The Authors Respondfrom Keiding, Niels; Ali, Mohamed M.; Eriksson, Frank; Matsaseng, Thabo; Toskin, Igor; Kiarie, James
06/02/2021
The Authors Respond : Epidemiology

The Authors Respond

from Keiding, Niels; Ali, Mohamed M.; Eriksson, Frank; Matsaseng, Thabo; Toskin, Igor; Kiarie, James

An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as a PDF only.

Re. The Use of Time to Pregnancy for Estimating and Monitoring Human Fecundity from Demographic and Health Surveysfrom P...
06/02/2021
Re. The Use of Time to Pregnancy for Estimating and... : Epidemiology

Re. The Use of Time to Pregnancy for Estimating and Monitoring Human Fecundity from Demographic and Health Surveys

from Polis, Chelsea B.; Cox, Carie M.; Tunçalp, Özge; McLain, Alexander C.; Thoma, Marie E.

An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as a PDF only.

A Trial Emulation Approach for Policy Evaluations with Group-level Longitudinal Datafrom Ben-Michael, Eli; Feller, Avi; ...
05/20/2021
A Trial Emulation Approach for Policy Evaluations with... : Epidemiology

A Trial Emulation Approach for Policy Evaluations with Group-level Longitudinal Data

from Ben-Michael, Eli; Feller, Avi; Stuart, Elizabeth A.

es, leverage repeated measurements, and variation in timing to estimate policy effects, including in the COVID-19 context. Although these methods are less common in epidemiology, epidemiologic researchers are well accustomed to handling similar complexities in studies of individual-level interventio...

Theoretical framework for retrospective studies of the effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccinesfrom Lewnard, Joseph A.; Pate...
05/20/2021
Theoretical framework for retrospective studies of the... : Epidemiology

Theoretical framework for retrospective studies of the effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines

from Lewnard, Joseph A.; Patel, Manish M.; Jewell, Nicholas P.; Verani, Jennifer R.; Kobayashi, Miwako; Tenforde, Mark W.; Dean, Natalie E.; Cowling, Benjamin J.; Lopman, Benjamin A.

ies used to assess vaccine effectiveness, such studies may encounter important threats to validity. Here we review the theoretical basis for estimation of vaccine direct effects under traditional case–control and test-negative design frameworks, addressing specific natural history parameters of SA...

Term birth weight and neurodevelopmental outcomesfrom Cortese, Marianna; Moster, Dag; Wilcox, Allen J.
05/19/2021
Term birth weight and neurodevelopmental outcomes : Epidemiology

Term birth weight and neurodevelopmental outcomes

from Cortese, Marianna; Moster, Dag; Wilcox, Allen J.

a population-based study of term birth weight and its link to a range of neurodevelopmental outcomes using Norwegian health registries. To remove the influence of preterm birth, we restricted our analyses to 1.8 million singleton babies born during a narrow range of term gestational age (39-41 weeks...

Decreased susceptibility of marginal odds ratios to finite-sample biasfrom Ross, Rachael K.; Cole, Stephen R.; Richardso...
05/19/2021
Decreased susceptibility of marginal odds ratios to... : Epidemiology

Decreased susceptibility of marginal odds ratios to finite-sample bias

from Ross, Rachael K.; Cole, Stephen R.; Richardson, David B.

bility to finite-sample bias relative to the unpenalized maximum likelihood estimator of the covariate-conditional odds ratio (OR). Using simulation, we compare the finite-sample bias of different marginal and conditional estimators of the OR. We simulated a logistic model to have 15 events per para...

Estimating the cumulative incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the infection fatality ratio in light of waning antibodi...
05/11/2021
Estimating the cumulative incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection ... : Epidemiology

Estimating the cumulative incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the infection fatality ratio in light of waning antibodies

from Shioda, Kayoko; Lau, Max SY; Kraay, Alicia NM; Nelson, Kristin N; Siegler, Aaron J; Sullivan, Patrick S; Collins, Matthew H; Weitz, Joshua S; Lopman, Benjamin A

ich is not necessarily equivalent to the duration of protective immunity). We estimate the cumulative incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection from serology studies, accounting for expected levels of antibody acquisition (seroconversion) and waning (seroreversion), and apply this framework using data from....

An aggregated comorbidity measure based on history of filled drug prescriptions – development and evaluation in two sepa...
05/10/2021
An aggregated comorbidity measure based on history of... : Epidemiology

An aggregated comorbidity measure based on history of filled drug prescriptions – development and evaluation in two separate cohorts

from Gedeborg, Rolf; Sund, Malin; Lambe, Mats; Plym, Anna; Fredriksson, Irma; Syrjä, Johan; Holmberg, Lars; Robinson, David; Stattin, Pär; Garmo, Hans

ns between filled drug prescriptions and time to death in 326,450 control males randomly selected from the general population to males with prostate cancer. We also evaluated the index in 272,214 control females randomly selected from the general population to females with breast cancer. Results: Th...

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I have good publications on epidemiology. Please see my profile below.
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I have worked in Viral Epidemiology with animal models and I feel I could carry out experiments to find out up how Coronavirus is being transmitted. We really know very little about how the virus moves from one person to another. What do you think?
When will Covid-19 antibody tests, which screen for whether someone has recovered from the disease, be available to the public?
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