The Torch

The Torch The independent, award-winning student newspaper of St. John's University since 1922. The Torch is the award-winning, independent student newspaper of St.
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John's University serving the Queens, Staten Island and Manhattan campuses.

Operating as usual

There are changes coming for students who plan to move back in for the Spring. Read more below.
10/23/2020
Changes to Campus Housing: Spring 2021

There are changes coming for students who plan to move back in for the Spring. Read more below.

With just a little over a month remaining in the fall 2020 semester, the housing selection process for the spring 2021 semester is already underway, and it’s bringing major changes to the room selection and placement process. Changes to building and roommate assignments have been implemented. Stud...

In-person tours led by Student Ambassadors have resumed at both the Queens and Staten Island campuses, with new social d...
10/20/2020
In-person tours now available at both the Queens and Staten Island Campuses

In-person tours led by Student Ambassadors have resumed at both the Queens and Staten Island campuses, with new social distancing policies put in place in response to the pandemic.

In-person tours have resumed on both the Queens and Staten Island campuses, as of Sept. 22. Private tours led by Student Ambassadors will be available with COVID-19 policies in place in an attempt to prevent the spread of COVID-19, according to an internal email obtained by the Torch from the Office...

St. John’s Baseball has the honors of carrying the top two freshmen in the Big East— Tyler Roche and Nick Guzzi.Find out...
10/15/2020
Freshmen get the storm rolling for St. John’s Baseball

St. John’s Baseball has the honors of carrying the top two freshmen in the Big East— Tyler Roche and Nick Guzzi.

Find out what led to them signing with St. John’s, their plans for the season, and more from Alison Goldberg’s report below.

Every year, St. John’s Athletics has the honor of recruiting talented athletes to their teams. This year, St. John’s Baseball team has the pleasure of welcoming two right-handed pitchers, Tyler Roche and Nick Guzzi, who ranked 269th and 278th on the national top 500 freshmen list by Perfect Game...

Success on and off the field: St. John’s Women’s Soccer receives team academic award among other collegiate soccer teams...
10/10/2020
St. John’s Women’s Soccer Holds Impressive 3.83 Average GPA

Success on and off the field:

St. John’s Women’s Soccer receives team academic award among other collegiate soccer teams, posting one of highest team composite GPAs of the winners.

Student-athletes play a key role in the sense of “community” across every college in the United States. These students are the ones who go out onto their fields and show off their skills while fans cheer them on to victory. A win on the field is always a great feeling for hard-working athletes. ...

St. John’s announced last week that its spring semester will not include a spring break and will begin the week of Jan. ...
10/08/2020
Academic calendar changed for spring 2021 semester

St. John’s announced last week that its spring semester will not include a spring break and will begin the week of Jan. 25. Read more about the academic calendar changes below.

In an attempt to “prioritize the health and safety of [St. John’s] students, faculty, administrators, and staff,” the University’s spring 2021 academic calendar has been altered as of Wednesday Sept. 30, according to an internal communication from the University. The semester now begins on T...

Like the rest of the world, SJU’s Rome Campus, nestled in the heart of the Eternal City, shuttered its doors in March.Wh...
10/08/2020
The Campus in the Eternal City: What is the future of SJU Rome?

Like the rest of the world, SJU’s Rome Campus, nestled in the heart of the Eternal City, shuttered its doors in March.

What is the future of the Rome Campus and St. John’s study abroad program? Editor Jillian Ortiz tackles this question in her features piece below.

The streets of Rome were always bustling with pedestrians, regardless of the time of day. Local cafe owners opened up their doors before sunrise to welcome locals on their way to work – Italians would pack the bar counters in a matter of minutes to throw back some espresso and seal it off with a.....

“I don’t think anyone won. Even the people watching at home. We all lost. All of America lost,” student Jayda Konakli sa...
10/07/2020
The first Presidential Debate: an unproductive night in American history

“I don’t think anyone won. Even the people watching at home. We all lost. All of America lost,” student Jayda Konakli said.

Last week’s presidential debate has been the topic of much conversation, with some viewers finding it highly unproductive.

With another debate slated for tonight between the Vice-Presidential candidates, see what some students thought about President Trump and Vice President Biden’s first go at the podium below from contributing writer Janan Razzaq-Premdas.

On Sept. 29, Donald Trump and Joe Biden went head-to-head in Cleveland, Ohio, at the first presidential debate. The night consisted of name-calling, disruptions and the moderator, Chris Wallace of Fox News, struggling to maintain control. The President and former Vice President were asked questions....

All students in Hollis Hall are required to quarantine in their respective rooms as of Wednesday, Oct. 7 and will be tes...
10/07/2020
Hollis Hall students required to quarantine

All students in Hollis Hall are required to quarantine in their respective rooms as of Wednesday, Oct. 7 and will be tested for COVID-19 over the next 72 hours.

This decision comes in response to new restrictions put in place by New York State and New York City to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in Queens.

All students in Hollis Hall are required to begin quarantining in their respective suites as of Wednesday, Oct. 7 and be tested for COVID-19, according to an email acquired by the Torch that was sent to resident students by the Office of Residence Life. This email was sent at approximately 6 a.m. th...

The Met reopened last month with a whole new approach to the pandemic.Contributing writer Sophie Gangi had the chance to...
09/30/2020
Viewing Art in the Midst of a Pandemic: The Met

The Met reopened last month with a whole new approach to the pandemic.
Contributing writer Sophie Gangi had the chance to visit and share an inside look.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art (often shortened to “the Met”), considered by many to be a New York City staple, shuttered the doors to its grand Upper East Side museum on March 13, as did all other museums and art exhibits in the city when lockdown began. The Met has continued to provide the art...

Even without the fall season, Tani Oluwaseyi is still kicking it on and off the field to bring his best to the St. John’...
09/28/2020
Tani Oluwaseyi’s road to achieving first team preseason All-American

Even without the fall season, Tani Oluwaseyi is still kicking it on and off the field to bring his best to the St. John’s Men’s Soccer team. College Soccer News recognized Oluwaseyi’s hard work and named him to the First Team Preseason All-American.

St. John’s Men’s Soccer junior forward Tani Oluwaseyi was named part of the Preseason All-America Team by College Soccer News. This distinction is awarded to players nationwide who have excelled throughout their career and are destined to make positive contributions to their team in the future. ...

Religious groups on campus continue to foster a home for their faiths under the difficulties COVID-19. Find out more fro...
09/16/2020
How Religious Organizations are Surviving COVID-19

Religious groups on campus continue to foster a home for their faiths under the difficulties COVID-19. Find out more from the Torch’s news editor, Alicia Venter, below.

As students are settling in on the Queens campus, the University’s religious organizations have begun opening their doors for prayer and worship. While they were forced to turn to virtual events following the unexpected closing of the University on March 15 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the organi...

The pandemic has changed our community beyond the liveliness we lost during this pandemic. Find out more from the Torch’...
09/15/2020
Then & Now: Campus During a Pandemic

The pandemic has changed our community beyond the liveliness we lost during this pandemic. Find out more from the Torch’s Co-Opinion editor, Sara Rodia, below.

  Walking onto campus at the start of the fall semester tends to be one of the most exciting times of the year for students — DJ’s playing music, food trucks lined up along the Residence Village strip, reunions with friends. However, the start of the fall semester looked a little different this...

University adjunct History instructor Richard Taylor has been removed from instruction following a Sept. 7 lesson in whi...
09/14/2020
SJU conducting investigation after students demand termination of History instructor

University adjunct History instructor Richard Taylor has been removed from instruction following a Sept. 7 lesson in which he is said to have asked students to weigh the pros and cons of slavery in a HIS 1000C class. The matter is under investigation according to the University.

University adjunct instructor Richard Taylor has been removed from instruction and is pending investigation, according to University Spokesperson Brian Browne. This follows anonymous claims on social media that Taylor asked students in his history class to “come up with ways to justify slavery” ...

Your questions about who’s open, who’s closed, and who’s in-between are answered by contributing writer Sara Eddy below.
09/10/2020
New Locations and New Hours: Campus Dining Shifts

Your questions about who’s open, who’s closed, and who’s in-between are answered by contributing writer Sara Eddy below.

Reduced class sizes, paused academic services on campus and social distancing measures have all been enacted during this new era on campus. Another change this unprecedented time has brought to campus? Adjustments to dining services. All indoor seating options have been closed in favor of socially-d...

You may have missed out on a few blockbusters this summer, but you surely don’t want to miss this. The next issue of our...
09/08/2020

You may have missed out on a few blockbusters this summer, but you surely don’t want to miss this. The next issue of our newsletter comes out tomorrow. Subscribe now: https://bit.ly/327Rpm6

Distance learning, event changes, and what’s happening with the honors common. Find out more about how the honors progra...
09/04/2020
The Honors Program and COVID-19: Navigating a New Era

Distance learning, event changes, and what’s happening with the honors common. Find out more about how the honors program is navigating the pandemic below.

Much like the rest of campus, the St. John’s Honors Program has gone virtual due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The program, which offers classes tailored to Honors students, was once known for providing its students with free events like walking tours across New York City and free tickets to Broadway ...

This semester, the Torch is going completely digital. A weekly newsletter will replace the physical paper and continue t...
09/02/2020
Signup for the Torch Newsletter!

This semester, the Torch is going completely digital. A weekly newsletter will replace the physical paper and continue to keep the SJU community updated on all of the latest happenings.

Subscribe for free in the link below, all we need is your email to deliver the newsletter to.The first newsletter of the semester is coming out today at 6 pm.

This week: read about the new realities students and faculty are facing on campus, student opinions on current events, and more.

We strive to keep the SJU community updated with breaking news, in-depth features, analysis and sports coverage. Sign up below to get exclusive content.

Want to know what the word is for food, student services, and study space? Follow the rest of our continuing coverage on...
08/24/2020
What’s Open? – A Guide to Navigating Campus This Fall

Want to know what the word is for food, student services, and study space? Follow the rest of our continuing coverage on the return to campus below.

For those who have opted to return to campus this fall, the University does not look the same as it did when classes were last in session. COVID-19 has led St. John’s to make monumental changes to the entirety of campus. St. John’s has implemented multiple measures to attempt to accommodate soci...

Following new regulations barring international students from enrolling exclusively in online classes this fall, St. Joh...
07/11/2020
St. John’s Joins Universities Nationwide in Litigation Against ICE Regulations

Following new regulations barring international students from enrolling exclusively in online classes this fall, St. John’s has voiced legal support for a federal action against ICE’s directive.

According to a July 11 press release from the University, St. John’s has joined 180 other universities in supporting Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)’s legal complaint against the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to allow international students to ...

St. John's announced its tuition increase for the 2020-21 academic year.
06/26/2020
Tuition Increases by 3 Percent for the 2020-21 Academic Year

St. John's announced its tuition increase for the 2020-21 academic year.

Amid the coronavirus pandemic, the University recently increased the price of tuition to $43,160 for the 2020-21 academic year, an increase of 3 percent from the 2019-20 academic year. This increase translates to a jump of more than $1,000 from the 2019-20 academic year, which saw a base tuition of....

The Torch documented the move-out procedure as resident students returned, after months away, to a near-empty campus. Fi...
06/22/2020
Students Move Off Campus Amidst COVID-19 Pandemic

The Torch documented the move-out procedure as resident students returned, after months away, to a near-empty campus. Find the photos and our report below.

The Torch documented the move-out process as students returned to a near empty campus for the first time this month since leaving campus in March as the COVID-19 pandemic worsened in the United States. Resident students were notified on May 1 that they would be briefly returning to campus in June to...

Boris Vaksman, a longtime assistant coach for St. John’s Fencing, has been fired from his role at the University followi...
06/11/2020
Assistant Fencing Coach Fired After Video Emerges of Racist Remarks

Boris Vaksman, a longtime assistant coach for St. John’s Fencing, has been fired from his role at the University following a leaked video of racist remarks.

Boris Vaksman, one of three assistant coaches for the St. John’s fencing program, was terminated from his role following the leak of audio, and subsequently, corresponding video of racist remarks. New York Daily News reported that Vaksman’s comments were made during a virtual youth coaching sess...

BREAKING: St. John’s University President, Conrado “Bobby” Gempesaw has announced his retirement.
06/11/2020
President Gempesaw to Retire June 2021

BREAKING: St. John’s University President, Conrado “Bobby” Gempesaw has announced his retirement.

St. John’s University President Conrado “Bobby” Gempesaw will be retiring “at the end of his term in June 2021,” according to an announcement from the University on June 10. Gempesaw officially began his term in October 2014, serving as the University president for the last six years. Gemp...

The 2019-20 school year is coming to a close. See our Year in Review in photos! Visit torchonline.com to revisit them. 🔥
05/08/2020

The 2019-20 school year is coming to a close. See our Year in Review in photos! Visit torchonline.com to revisit them. 🔥

The Torch asked University President Conrado "Bobby" Gempesaw about SJU’s plans for transitioning into the fall, tuition...
05/07/2020
The University’s Response: The Torch Talks To President Gempesaw

The Torch asked University President Conrado "Bobby" Gempesaw about SJU’s plans for transitioning into the fall, tuition, the $12 million received from the CARES Act and more.

The last time the Torch sat down with University President Conrado “Bobby” Gempesaw was during the fall 2019 semester to discuss an array of topics, from housing and food insecurity to what makes a happy student. Only four short months after this interview, the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S. quic...

Why a new series of protesting about the COVID-19 crisis is a disaster. Opinion editor Sara Rodia discusses internationa...
05/01/2020
Protesters Put Themselves and Others in Danger to Call for Reopening of Economy

Why a new series of protesting about the COVID-19 crisis is a disaster. Opinion editor Sara Rodia discusses international coronavirus protests where demonstrations are being conducted without safety measures like wearing masks or social distancing.

In recent weeks, people have been gathering to protest the government-mandated lockdown and to call for the reopening of the economy. They have been forgoing social distancing and quarantine orders to gather in protest of the lockdown — no masks, no gloves, not standing six feet apart and no regar...

Despite low voter turnout and limited campaigning, SGi is transitioning its e-board to its newly elected officials amids...
04/27/2020
SGi Elections Recap: Transition Continues Amidst Pandemic

Despite low voter turnout and limited campaigning, SGi is transitioning its e-board to its newly elected officials amidst the pandemic.

Student Government, Inc. took to Instagram on April 17 to unofficially announce that the H.E.A.T. ticket won all but the position for Senior Senator for the 2020-2021 academic year. A statement from the Elections Committee to the Torch on April 22 said the elected candidates have been notified and t...

Celebrate World Book Day with us! Read a Torch review of Lily King's newest novel, "Writers & Lovers" 📚
04/24/2020
Notable Novels: Lily King conquers the art of detail in “Writers & Lovers”

Celebrate World Book Day with us! Read a Torch review of Lily King's newest novel, "Writers & Lovers" 📚

Money and love are two things that can bring on a swirl of emotions –– joy, happiness, agony, frustration and confusion. Both have a tight grip on narrator Casey Peabody, who is struggling to find balance. A throwback story set in 1997, “Writers & Lovers” by Lily King follows Casey as she gr...

The Torch talked with students and faculty to hear how they are coping with the recent pandemic.
04/23/2020
Students Tell All: COVID-19 Pandemic

The Torch talked with students and faculty to hear how they are coping with the recent pandemic.

COVID-19 has thrown students across the country for a loop. For St. John’s students, the pandemic quickly changed their spring semester and campus life following spring break. Students returned back to St. John’s from spring break between March 7-9. On March 9, a University-wide email was sent o...

Days before the first Earth Day in 1970, the Torch had this to say. 50 years later, we still feel the same. Love your 🌎 ...
04/22/2020

Days before the first Earth Day in 1970, the Torch had this to say. 50 years later, we still feel the same. Love your 🌎 Johnnies!

You’ve been waiting for it and we’ve been working hard to write it— the Torch’s third newsletter is officially published...
04/22/2020

You’ve been waiting for it and we’ve been working hard to write it— the Torch’s third newsletter is officially published! Check your emails 🔥

A storm is brewing for the 20-21 basketball season as the Johnnies welcome three standout players: Fapou Semebene, Rayve...
04/22/2020
New Johnnies Look to Get St. John’s Basketball Storming

A storm is brewing for the 20-21 basketball season as the Johnnies welcome three standout players: Fapou Semebene, Rayven Peeples, and Arnaldo Toro.

An abrupt ending to the 2019-20 basketball season did not stop St. John’s Women’s Basketball Head Coach Joe Tartamella and St. John’s Men’s Basketball Head Coach Mike Anderson from scoping out new additions for their teams. Tartamella signed off a dynamic duo – in a web release on April 16...

DEVELOPING: SGi announces unofficial results for the Spring 2020 election: H.E.A.T wins six out of the seven e-board pos...
04/18/2020
SGi Election Results: Unofficial Winners Announced

DEVELOPING: SGi announces unofficial results for the Spring 2020 election: H.E.A.T wins six out of the seven e-board positions. Read below!

PHOTO CREDIT/SGI

Student Government, Inc. (SGi) announced the unofficial Executive Board results for the 2020-2021 academic year via Instagram (@sjusgi) on Friday, April17. The official results “are pending final verification from the Elections Committee,” the caption said. The H.E.A.T. ticket came out on top, c...

The Torch’s 97th editorial board says goodbye and offers guiding wisdom for their replacements as well as the University...
04/17/2020
Flames: From the outgoing e-board

The Torch’s 97th editorial board says goodbye and offers guiding wisdom for their replacements as well as the University community. Read this year’s Flames below! 🔥

The time has come to send off the seniors and usher in a new e-board. But as a graduating class we can’t do that without imparting some wisdom and kind words on the new leaders of this newspaper. The Torch has elected its 98th e-board, with Dayra Santana steering the ship as Editor-in-Chief. We co...

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Founded in 1922, The Torch is the award-winning, independent student newspaper of St. John's University serving the Queens, Staten Island and Manhattan campuses.

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Why does your organization steadfastly refuse to report the contrary scientific findings regarding alleged human-induced climate change? On July 22, 2019 -- The scientific journal, Nature Communications, published a peer-reviewed article that found the amount energy required for carbon-capture represented more than 25% of all the energy produced worldwide On Aug. 9, 2019 -- Prof. Shaviv insisted that CO2 plays only a minor role in climate change. On Aug. 11, 2019, -- Prof. Wu reported that her investigative team could find no evidence of human influence on the Earth's climate. In Oct. 2019 -- Over 700 climate experts wrote to the UN stating that "NO CLIMATE EMERGENCY EXISTS" and asserting that the climate models are unfit for policy-making purposes. The Foolish Idea of "Settled" Science The Main Stream Media trumpets (almost endlessly) that the science regarding climate change is "settled" as evidenced by 97% of climatologists who have reached a "consensus" about anthropogenic (human-induced) global warming. What the press does not stress is that this like-mindedness among these experts is based almost entirely upon computer simulations (GCMs or climate models) and not on any significant experimental data or evidence. Even more distressing is that many (most?) climate advocates see the current scientific findings as fixed and they reject out of hand any actual contrary research results. Like it or not science is simply never settled. Any historian of science will quickly belie the unsound position regarding "settled" science. A few solid examples should suffice to dismiss this misbegotten belief. During the late 19th century the entire scientific community accepted as fact the necessary existence of a "luminiferous ether" through which photons from the Sun traveled to reach the Earth. Then in 1887 Michelson & Morley of Case Western Reserve conducted a single experiment that showed that no such "ether" existed. Thus, all the prior evidence and belief was discarded. [Note: Interestingly, it was M&M's research that set Einstein on his search concerning relativity.] The bottom line is that the 97% "consensus" concerning the "settled" science regarding the existence of a luminiferous ether was wrong. Next, at the turn of the 20th century, virtually every cosmologist and astronomer agreed that the stars and galaxies that made up our universe were fixed in position. Then in 1930, Edwin Hubble by studying the "redshift" of the light reaching Earth from these heavenly bodies showed that our universe was expanding and that it was doing so at an accelerating rate. Once again, all of the "settled" science was placed in the trash bin of history. Another excellent example is "continental drift". During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, virtually every scientific expert insisted that the position of the Earth's continents was fixed. This scientific conclusion was based upon the observation that although granite existed on the continents, the seafloor was composed of denser basalt, and the "settled" science during the first half of the twentieth century was that there were two types of crust, named"sial" (continental type crust) and "sima" (oceanic type crust). Furthermore, it was "accepted" by all researchers that a static shell was present under the continents. Then in 1947, a team of scientists using an array of instruments confirmed the existence of a rise in the central Atlantic Ocean and found that the floor of the seabed beneath the layer of sediments consisted of basalt, not the granite which is the main constituent of continents. They also found that the oceanic crust was much thinner than continental crust. All these new findings put the "settled" science into question. Subsequently, beginning in the 1950s, scientists using instruments that measure attraction (magnetometers) began recognizing odd "striping" across the ocean floor. After the maps with this "zebra pattern" of magnetic bands were published, the connection between seafloor spreading and this layout was correctly linked to the historic evidence of geomagnetic reversals. Like it or not, the seven continents had been moving. Again, the 97% "consensus" regarding the "settled" science of fixed continents had to be discarded. In science, the idea of a "settled consensus" is simply silly. Science is constantly uncovering new truths. The Concept of "Settled" Science Regarding Anthropogenic (human-induced) climate change has recently been falsified In 2014, a group of Chinese researchers found evidence suggesting that the current warm phase of a 500-year cycle could terminate over several decades, ushering in a 250-year cool phase. Then on July 3, 2019, Science Daily announced that new evidence suggests that high-energy particles from space known as galactic cosmic rays affect the Earth's climate by increasing cloud cover, causing an "umbrella effect." When galactic cosmic rays increased during the Earth's last geomagnetic reversal transition 780,000 years ago, the umbrella effect of low-cloud cover led to high atmospheric pressure in Siberia, causing the East Asian winter monsoon to become stronger. This is evidence that galactic cosmic rays influence changes in the Earth's climate. "The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has discussed the impact of cloud cover on climate in their evaluations, but this phenomenon has never been considered in climate predictions due to the insufficient physical understanding of it," stated lead Japanese investigator, Professor Hyodo. "This study provides an opportunity to rethink the impact of clouds on climate. When galactic cosmic rays increase, so do low clouds, and when cosmic rays decrease clouds do as well, so climate warming may be caused by an opposite-umbrella effect. The umbrella effect caused by galactic cosmic rays is important when thinking about current global warming as well as the warm period of the medieval era." On Aug. 9, 2019, Prof. Nir Shaviv suggested that rising levels of CO2 play only a minor role in Earth's climate compared to the influence of the Sun and cosmic radiation. "Climate change has existed forever and is unlikely to go away. But CO2 emissions don't play a major role. Periodic solar activity does." He continued by asserting that "... science is not a democracy. Even if 100% of scientists believe something, one person with good evidence can still be right." Subsequently, on Aug. 11, 2019, it was reported that a new study had found winters in northern China have been warming since 4,000 BC. The study found that winds from Arctic Siberia have been growing weaker, the conifer tree line has been retreating north, and there has been a steady rise in biodiversity in a general warming trend that continues today. It appears to have little to do with the increase in greenhouse gases which began with the industrial revolution, according to the researchers. Lead scientist Dr. Wu Jing, from the Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment at the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said the study had found no evidence of human influence on northern China’s warming winters. “Driving forces include the sun, the atmosphere, and its interaction with the ocean,” Wu said. “We have detected no evidence of human influence." Then the web site, Bioengineer.org, on Nov. 6, 2019, cited three papers from the Federal University of Sao Paolo, Brazil which partially affirm the studies from Japan and China. This research insists that "The composition (of marine) sediments carried by rivers from the mainland to the ocean can be used as a basis for calculating variables such as temperature, precipitation, and marine salinity. In the context of ongoing global climate change, the study of the past is fundamental to validating the accuracy of the climate models used to make predictions." SUMMARY The world-famous philosopher of science, Karl Popper, insisted that to be a valid scientific theory must be falsifiable. This includes the widely held conjecture of anthropogenic (human-caused) climate change. In short, a single set of scholarly findings that is not explained by the premise of man-made global warming which is attributable to the burning of fossil fuels can falsify this entire body of scientific speculation and this has now occurred. Today, six peer-reviewed scientific papers that were conducted by six separate groups of expert investigators from four different universities in three separate countries and which have all been published in eminent peer-reviewed scholarly journals have found no evidence to support the assertion regarding human-induced climate change. Instead, all six groups independently found that the warming that has happened was almost entirely attributable to galactic cosmic rays that affect the quantity of the Earth's low hanging clouds. These expert investigators call this canopy or blanket the "umbrella effect". The bottom line is that the entire climate change hysteria has now been falsified and is untrue. These six experimental results have shown that the IPCC and its computer simulation models (GCMs) are not valid. LINKS For those who require links here are several: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-vHAxc6djs energyskeptic.com/2019/carbon-capture-could-require-25-of-all-global-energy/ See: Realmonte, G. et al. 2019. An inter-model assessment of the role of direct air capture in deep mitigation pathways, Nature Communications. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iAPYsOaq-VY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzvOMee9D1o https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3022136/china-scientists-warn-global-cooling-trick-natures-sleeve https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JyyuouPSNEAagencia.fapesp.br/a-novel-method-for-analyzing-marine-sediments-contributes-to-paleoclimate-reconstitution/31850/https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2019PA003691https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190703121407.htm https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4205841/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4215299/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QIDoMPIikog https://phys.org/news/2019-12-cooling-role-particulate