What is "pretextual planning," and how does it short-circuit certainty and transparency in planning and development processes? UCLA Planning Professor Michael Manville explains. https://www.planetizen.com/features/113615-pretext-problem-pitfalls-planning-while-bargaining
Lots of planning is discretionary. Cities and developers negotiate what builders will do for cities in exchange for the right to build, creating an incentive for bad rules, eroding the public's faith in zoning, and enabling political corruption.