The Feeling Brain

The Feeling Brain A Neuroscience Education Enterprise. Exec Producer: Natalie Geld, Chief Science Officer: David Edelman, PhD, Chief Strategy Advisor: Bob Sweeney, MBA

A Neuroscience Education Enterprise advancing medicine + public understanding in the emotional component of mental health. The Feeling Brain: Exploring the Neural Basis of Emotion is the future of medical education. #InsideTheFeelingBrain

Mission: We are a pioneering team of scientists, clinicians, information analysts, educators, media and communications specialists, artists, and business strategists dedicated to advancing frontier science and medical education. FRONTIER SCIENCE connecting important communities! SHIFT COMMUNICATION presents “The Feeling Brain” Series – an approach that is absolutely unique: nothing less than the integration of diverse research and creative communities in compelling ways that advance frontier science, medicine, and public education. Media profoundly shapes consciousness, thinking and beliefs of billions of people. “The Feeling Brain” Series is the joint output of several leading neuroscientists who are internationally renowned for their cutting-edge research. The content has been produced and packaged by a top-flight media team, reviewed by experts in the related fields, and will be approved for AMA Category 1 CME credits in the next several months. The series currently comprises pilot episodes and tutorials for what we are confident will become the most advanced, in depth educational exploration of the emotion sciences. THE FEELING BRAIN: Exploring the Science of Emotion The key to progress in frontier science is, first, to connect otherwise isolated fields of highly specialized research and treatment that directly impact the human condition using the creative power of media, and, second, to apply advanced analysis methodology to improve education efficacy. Effectively, we will leverage breakthrough applications to greatly improve how we teach–and learn– science. "The Feeling Brain" Series sets out to advance the emotion sciences and the scientific study of consciousness by: 1) Integrating frontier science across disciplines; 2) producing purposeful networking incentives with compelling multimedia education modules; and 3) communicating the emerging science to targeted demographics, as well as and wide, general audiences. Our Pilot participants include Stuart Firestein, PhD, Professor and Chair of the Department of Biological Sciences and author of the acclaimed book Ignorance: How It Drives Science,Dr. Jay Giedd, Chief, Brain Imaging Unit, Child Psychiatry Branch, National Institute for Mental Health; Dr. Scott Russo, Neuroscience & Plasticity Lab, Mt. Sinai Medical; Dr. Marcel Kinsbourne, Neurologist and Professor, The New School, and Dr. Moran Cerf, Computational Neuroscientist and Professor of Neuroscience, Kellogg School of Business, Northwestern University, and CalTech. Natalie Geld ~ CEO, Executive Producer Dr. Robert Sweeney ~ Advisor Dr. David Edelman ~ Advisor Barry Wells ~ Art Director Alison Anthoine ~ Legal Strategist

Operating as usual

Bernard J Baars
11/18/2020
Bernard J Baars

Bernard J Baars

New #blog post! For reasons that drive scientists close to despair, #media writers get science stories wrong. However, for the first time in history anybody can read the primary sources of #science! There’s only one barrier, and it’s in your own #mind.

Many scientific studies use experimental comparisons between similar cs and uncs events. This “contrastive analysis” app...
10/25/2020
Bernard J Baars

Many scientific studies use experimental comparisons between similar cs and uncs events. This “contrastive analysis” approach has been very fruitful. Dozens of techniques now permit conscious — unconscious comparisons. Any method that permits such comparisons can enlarge our understanding. The resulting empirical harvest has been very large.
Ambiguities

“Consciousness” has several meanings.

It is used in biomedical science to refer to the state of waking consciousness, as assessed by responsiveness to questions, commands, and mild pain, by the classical scalp EEG of waking, and by the ability to describe oneself and current events. We will use terms like “conscious state” or “waking state” for this specific meaning. However, in scientific work “consciousness” is also used to refer to the “dimension of conscious vs. unconscious brain events” — that is, as an experimental variable that allows us to study brain differences attributable to consciousness.

This usage is profoundly different from the first, since it involves a measurable dimension of variation.

Yet “consciousness as an empirical variable” is still commonly confused with the waking state or with subjectivity. They are linked, but not the same.

#onconsciousness #mindbrain #blog #brainfood

New blog post! How do we define #consciousness? In scientific usage the topic of consciousness today refers to the “conscious-unconscious dimension,” which includes subjective experiences, but always compared to close #brain analogues that aren't conscious. #neuroscience #subjectivity

#podcast #onconsciousness 🧠🎙💡
10/22/2020
Bernard J Baars

#podcast #onconsciousness 🧠🎙💡

#TBT In episode 10 of 'On Consciousness' we discussed some of the evidence that supports Global Workspace Theory and the brain areas involved in #conscious experiences. Stay tuned for the upcoming premiere episode of season 2! #brain #science #biology #GWT

Deep #sleep is the most unconscious natural state. Physiologically, it is needed for consolidation of experiential #memo...
10/09/2020
Bernard J Baars

Deep #sleep is the most unconscious natural state. Physiologically, it is needed for consolidation of experiential #memory traces via hippocampal-neocortical theta-gamma signaling. We do not know the full set of functions of deep sleep, but more than 200 types of gene expression are known to correlate with the sleep-waking cycle. Deep sleep therefore does not mean the absence of active, biologically important brain activities. More on the subject of #unconscious states in my recent #blog post.

Deep #sleep is the most unconscious natural state. Physiologically, it is needed for consolidation of experiential #memory traces via hippocampal-neocortical theta-gamma signaling. We do not know the full set of functions of deep sleep, but more than 200 types of gene expression are known to correlate with the sleep-waking cycle. Deep sleep therefore does not mean the absence of active, biologically important brain activities. More on the subject of #unconscious states in my recent #blog post.

10/09/2020
Bernard J Baars

#TBT In episode 6 of 'On Consciousness' neuroscientist David Edelman, neuroroboticist Jeffrey Krichmar from UC Irvine, and myself, discussed the potential timeline and bumps in the road in the quest to build #conscious machines. #neuroscience #machinelearning #AI

#TBT In episode 6 of 'On Consciousness' neuroscientist David Edelman, neuroroboticist Jeffrey Krichmar from UC Irvine, and myself, discussed the potential timeline and bumps in the road in the quest to build #conscious machines. #neuroscience #machinelearning #AI

10/03/2020
Bernard J Baars

"One neuron reaching out and connecting to another. That’s where the magic is. One neuron is not conscious, I would say, but a collection of them are. That’s the magic. This is how it works. This is how the brain becomes the brain." - Dr. Jay Giedd, professor at UC San Diego School of Medicine. #neuroscience #consciousness #neuron #brain

"One neuron reaching out and connecting to another. That’s where the magic is. One neuron is not conscious, I would say, but a collection of them are. That’s the magic. This is how it works. This is how the brain becomes the brain." - Dr. Jay Giedd, professor at UC San Diego School of Medicine. #neuroscience #consciousness #neuron #brain

09/27/2020
Bernard J Baars

Bernard J Baars

"As the brain matures, it doesn't mature by getting larger and larger, it matures by becoming more interconnected. And I think that the key to #consciousness will be an understanding of these connections" - Dr. Jay Giedd, professor at UC San Diego School of Medicine #neuroscience #psychology #brain

09/27/2020
Bernard J Baars

Bernard J Baars

#TBT Last year together with some brilliant minds we got to discuss the biology of #subjectivity. The event was hosted by the Athenaeum Library in La Jolla,CA and marked the initiation of our podcast 'On Consciousness.' The final episode of season 1 comes out tomorrow! Stay tuned! #neuroscience #consciousness #psychology #AI

08/22/2020
The Potential of Biologically Inspired Neural Modeling with Neurorobotics Expert, Jeffrey Krichmar

#Throwback Having professor Krichmar on the podcast presented us with a wonderful opportunity to discuss the future of self-aware machines and potential bumps in the road ahead to building intelligent and #consciousartifacts #MachineLearning #datascience #brain #onconsciousness #memory #neuroscience #podcast #podcasting #podcastshow

In this episode of "On Consciousness," neuroscientists Bernie Baars, Jeff Krichmar, and David Edelman engage in a freewheeling conversation that begins with ...

08/17/2020
On Consciousness & The Brain: An Uplifting Talk with Bernie Baars & David Edelman at DG Wills Books

#Throwback to a wonderful event hosted by Dennis Wills of DG Wills Books in La Jolla, CA, when @David Edelman and I discussed the nature of #subjectivity, the link between #memory and #awareness, and #conscious experiences in non-human #animals.

Like and subscribe below :)

#mind #brain #neuroscience #onconsciousness

In this engaging and lively episode recorded at La Jolla, California landmark D.G. Wills Books, neuroscientists Bernie Baars and David Edelman unpack the nat...

"There are no simple animals. The reason is that you get 'Neural Darwinism' at all levels of organization, from genes to...
08/15/2020
Bernard J. Baars | On Consciousness: Science & Subjectivity

"There are no simple animals. The reason is that you get 'Neural Darwinism' at all levels of organization, from genes to epigenetics to momentary cortical organization, which we experience subjectively as conscious."
Read more on animal and machine consciousness in Bernard Baars' latest blog post. #neuroscience #AI #brain #consciousness #mind #animals #onconsciousness

Theoretical Neurobiologist and originator of Global Workspace Theory, a theory of human cognitive architecture and consciousness.

08/10/2020
Part 2 - What is the Biology of Subjectivity? On Consciousness with Bernard Baars - Podcast

#Consciousness is a core question of life. Making progress in understanding therefore has an endless number of benefits – philosophical, scientific, medical, and practical. #Subjectivity was the main topic of discussion in an event at The Athenaeum in La Jolla, CA. Like and subscribe below. #mind #brain #neuroscience #onconsciousness #psychology #podcast

NATURALIZING CONSCIOUSNESS: Conversations on the Biology of Subjectivity with Neuroscientists Bernard J. Baars, David Edelman, Jay Giedd, and Jeffrey Krichma...

08/10/2020
Ep 12: The Brain is Embodied and the Body is Embedded with Magician Mark Mitton | On Consciousness

How do antibodies interact with antigens? Is #consciousness a biological process?

In #episode 12 of #OnConsciousness, professional magician @Mark Mitton joins us to unpack the mysteries of human #perception. Like and subscribe below. #neuroscience #psychology #mind #brain #podcasting #podcastshow #podcast #podcaster #onconsciousness

Our 12th episode of ‘On Consciousness’ joins Bernard Baars & David Edelman with renowned master of misdirection and sleight of hand - professional magician M...

08/03/2020
Ep 11 Brain Regions & Neural Functions Critical to Conscious States w/ Dr Jay Giedd On Consciousness

What are some of the #brain variations between #mammals and other animals? Is #memory fundamental to #consciousness? Together with David Edelman and Dr. Jay Giedd, professor at UC San Diego School of Medicine, we touched on these topics in episode 11 of #OnConsciousness. Like and subscribe below. #neuroscience #sleep #thalamus #brain #mind #podcast #podcaster #podcastshow #podcasting

In the final episode of their roundtable talks, Bernard Baars, David Edelman, and special guest Dr. Jay Giedd conclude their discussion by analyzing the brai...

A comprehensive article in BBC Science Focus Magazine on the subject of #awareness by Dr. Christian Jarrett, senior edit...
07/30/2020
Consciousness: how can we solve the greatest mystery in science?

A comprehensive article in BBC Science Focus Magazine on the subject of #awareness by Dr. Christian Jarrett, senior editor at Psyche Magazine, mentions #GlobalWorkspaceTheory among other theories of #consciousness. Credit to Templeton World Charity Foundation for funding research in the field

To discover what makes us self-aware, researchers from around the world are going head-to-head in a grand competition to determine where consciousness really comes from.

How are social skills related to human #awareness? How has #consciousness been examined across cultures and throughout #...
07/29/2020
Ep 9: What is the difference that makes a difference? Jay Giedd On Consciousness w/ Bernard Baars

How are social skills related to human #awareness? How has #consciousness been examined across cultures and throughout #history? Episode 9 of the podcast On Consciousness with Bernard Baars featured neuroscientist and co-host, Dr David Edelman, and Dr Jay Giedd, professor at UC San Diego School of Medicine. #mind #brain #neuroscience #psychology #onconsciousness #mindbrain #intelligence #Cortex #science #behavior #podcast #podcastshow #podcastlife #podcaster #animalbehavior

"You highlighted the difference that makes a difference. Тhis is not only a neat catchphrase, but there's also something very deep about it. And sleep, in fact, is a really interesting aspect of behavior, that maybe gives us a window on the difference bet...

06/22/2020
Bernard J Baars

"The map is not the territory." When talking about machines being #conscious, I believe the burden of proof is on the proposers. I discuss this topic and more in my newest blog post.
#GWT #GlobalWorkspaceTheory #cognitivescience #mindbrain #OnConsciousness #Subjectivity #neurobiology #brainscience

"The map is not the territory." When talking about machines being #conscious, I believe the burden of proof is on the proposers. I discuss this topic and more in my newest blog post.
#GWT #GlobalWorkspaceTheory #cognitivescience #mindbrain #OnConsciousness #Subjectivity #neurobiology #brainscience

06/22/2020
Ep 10: Global Workspace Theory (GWT) - Brain Aspects and Evidence w/ Dr Jay Giedd | On Consciousness

I prefer to use the term 'psychobiology' when referring to #consciousness, because it is truly different and highly functional. Jay Giedd, David Edelman, and I discussed various aspects of #awareness in episode 10 of our #podcast 'On Consciousness'. Like, share, and subscribe in the link below.

In the third part of their roundtable talk, neuroscientist David Edelman, Bernard Baars, originator of the global workspace theory and global workspace dynam...

06/10/2020
Ep 10: Global Workspace Theory (GWT) - Brain Aspects and Evidence w/ Dr Jay Giedd | On Consciousness

Check out this NEW PODCAST ON CONSCIOUSNESS with Bernard Baars & David Edelman!!

"Hello folks! Happy to announce that #episode 10 of our #podcast 'On Consciousness' is out today! The conversation is joined by Dr. Jay Giedd, Chair of child #psychiatry at Rady Children's Hospital - San Diego and a professor at UCSD School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health." Watch and subscribe to our channel below:

In the third part of their roundtable talk, neuroscientist David Edelman, Bernard Baars, originator of the global workspace theory and global workspace dynam...

06/10/2020
Bernard J Baars

Bernard J Baars

"The map is not the territory." When talking about machines being #conscious, I believe the burden of proof is on the proposers. I discuss this topic and more in my newest blog post.
#GWT #GlobalWorkspaceTheory #cognitivescience #mindbrain #OnConsciousness #Subjectivity #neurobiology #brainscience

05/03/2020
"In the context of developing human brains, how can we understand consciousness?" With Dr. Jay Giedd

Hi folks 🙂 NEW PODCAST EPISODE #8! "In the context of developing human brains, how can we understand consciousness?" Roundtable Part 1: A Neuroanatomy & Neuro-function Approach with Dr. Jay Giedd, Chief of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, UCSD. These thoughtful episodes are co-hosted by our Chief Science Officer and dear friend, neuroscientist @David Edelman, and in a special tribute are recorded in the dining room of his father, Nobel Laureate Gerald Edelman. Produced by @Natalie Geld 🙂.

EPISODE 8 The Developing Brain & Consciousness: Roundtable Part One of the podcast #OnConsciousness with Bernard Baars – – A thoughtful discussion exploring some fundamental issues that confront the science of consciousness. Namely, how do we define consciousness? What does that term mean? Where do we even start?

Neuroscientist David Edelman and Developmental Neuropsychiatrist Jay Giedd, Professor of Psychiatry at UCSD School Of Medicine and Director of Child & #Adolescent #Psychiatry at Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego talk candidly about our understanding of the complex - and often tantalizing - nature of consciousness.
In the context of the developing human brain, how can we understand #consciousness? To many of us, consciousness seems like a simple, commonsense notion. When we’re awake, we all know that we are, more often than not, aware—of the world, of our thoughts and emotions, of our feeling states (i.e., hunger, thirst, pain, etc.), among others. When we fall into a deep, dreamless sleep, that #awareness slips away.
But, this notion is actually quite confounding—particularly when one considers that there must be a specific moment during development when the #brain transitions from a small, non-conscious organ comprising a few dozen cells to a complex, 86 billion-cell nexus of #conscious feelings, #emotions, and #thoughts.
When, precisely, does that moment occur? In the womb? When we are just a few weeks old? These are the key questions that David Edelman and developmental neuropsychiatrist Jay Giedd ponder in this podcast.
A lively back-and-forth ensues as the two neuroscientists bring their respective backgrounds to bear on the emergence and nature of consciousness during development:
One, a neuroscientist focused on consciousness in non-human animals and the other, a psychiatrist and neuroscientist who has spent more than thirty years exploring the growth and development of the human brain from embryogenesis through childhood and adolescence well into adulthood.
Along the way, David and Jay reinforce the notion that memory is a sine qua non of conscious states. As they learn to negotiate the world, very young infants experience the world with their developing senses, remember certain experiences, and then modify their behaviors accordingly.
But, when do the first substantive memories actually form? There is certainly a Rubicon that is crossed; we just haven’t figured out when it happens or what that passage looks like. Memory is a ubiquitous faculty across the animal kingdom; even relatively simple animals like the humble marine snail Aplysia can learn and remember at a fundamental level.
Are the different developmental stages of #memory in growing infants comparable to the increasingly sophisticated memory faculties found in the nervous systems of ever more complex organisms?
Roundtable Part One Talking Points
0:03 – Opening lines by David Edelman.
0:58 – Jay Giedd introduces himself, his background in psychiatry, robotics, and reproductive medicine, and how all of it ties together as he studies brain development.
1:52 – David Edelman opens the conversation by asking about Jay Giedd’s idea of
consciousness.
2:15 – Jay Giedd looks at consciousness from the perspective of the developing brain in a fetus, particularly at what point does consciousness arise and how would that be detectable through a brain scanner.
3:14 – Edelman makes a connection between Giedd’s outlook on consciousness with that of the brain’s behavior during a sleeping state.
6:02 – Jay Giedd points out that a memory appears to be essential for the rise of consciousness, and how sleep, a process which no animal escaped from evolutionarily, is essential for proper memory formation.
8:57 – David Edelman describes what happens in the brain while a person is asleep and proposes the idea that consciousness may have a variety of forms and that a brain’s sleeping state may be one of several.
10:11 – Giedd brings up the role of dreams and our vague understanding of them.
David and Jay highlight important questions that may provide important waypoints along the way. Towards the end of their conversation, David and Jay consider the transition from wakefulness to deep non-REM sleep and its signal importance as a transition between conscious and non-conscious states during which changes in brain activity occur that we can actually study—and that provides clues as to the nature of consciousness.
Sigmund Freud once said, “The interpretation of #dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the #mind.”
Though #Freud was clearly referring to understanding a behavioral manifestations of a #dreaming #brain that may now be understood to be #conscious in some sense (albeit mostly a matter of the #cerebral #cortex, cut off from the world, “talking to itself”), we can certainly invoke his #spirit as a scientific #observer in pursuit of the verifiable truth when we say that investigating the passage from #wakefulness to deep #sleep and back again may well help pave the royal road to understanding consciousness in the brain, whether still in the throes of development or fully formed.
Quotes from Episode 8
"There's a kind of a commonplace notion of what consciousness is. Nearly everyone sort of knows what we mean when we invoke the term. But when it comes to the actual hard-nosed scientific aspect, we really haven't arrived at any sort of consensus; at least as far as I know, there's no real consensus as to what we mean when we bring up the term, ‘consciousness.'" -- David Edelman
"When do we cross that Rubicon from non-conscious processing to conscious processing? And one of the aspects that Bernie Baars and in fact my late father, Nobel Laureate Gerald Edelman delved into was certain brain states -- certain behavioral states, actually -- that have underlying brain states that are indicative perhaps of "a difference that makes a difference." And one example might be the contrast between waking states and say a dreamless deep sleep. And the fact that we can observe through brain imaging -- through a variety of techniques -- we can observe a real difference in function there." -- David Edelman
"We all have different paths that we've taken to come to the study of consciousness and my path has been looking at it from the development of the brain. I'm a child, adolescent, and geriatric psychiatrist by training. I'm the Chief of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry here at UC San Diego and a professor at Fukui University in Japan in Robotics, and at Johns Hopkins in Reproductive Medicine. But what ties together my interest has been the brain and how it changes throughout life. What sort of things influenced it, in good ways and in bad ways. And looking at the brain and health and illness and what permeates all of these interests is consciousness, which is in some ways the most basic and simple notion, and also one of the most difficult to grasp."
-- Jay Giedd
"I want to try to understand consciousness from a neuroanatomy and neuro-function standpoint. What would consciousness look like in a brain scanner and other types of imaging? What are we looking for, in a sense, and could I predict from basically the architecture and the anatomy, that this could be conscious, and this would not be able to be conscious?" -- Jay Giedd
"For me, consciousness is more about questions than answers, even after 30 years of trying. But the memory aspect is actually a really good place to start. To what extent do babies in the womb have a memory, or even after they're born?" -- Jay Giedd
BIOS
Dr. Jay Giedd
Chair of child psychiatry at Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego and director of child and adolescent psychiatry, Dr. Giedd is also a professor of psychiatry at UCSD School of Medicine, and professor in the Dept of Population, Family and Reproductive Health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Dr. Giedd was chief of the Section on Brain Imaging, Child Psychiatry Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). His widely published research and expertise evaluates how the child's brain develops in health and illness, the factors that influence development and how to optimize treatments to take advantage of the child's changing brain. Jay and his award winning work were featured in the PBS 2 part series "Brains on Trial" hosted by Alan Alda.
David Edelman, PhD: A neuroscientist and currently Visiting Scholar in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth College, David has taught neuroscience at the University of San Diego and UCSD. He was Professor of Neuroscience at Bennington College until 2014 and visiting professor in the Dept of Psychology, CUNY Brooklyn College from 2015-2017. He has conducted research in a wide range of areas, including mechanisms of gene regulation, the relationship between mitochondrial transport and brain activity, and visual perception in the octopus. A longstanding interest in the neural basis of consciousness led him to consider the importance—and challenge—of disseminating a more global view of brain function to a broad audience.

EPISODE 8: Roundtable Part One – The Developing Brain & Consciousness – A thoughtful discussion exploring some fundamental issues that confront the science o...

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Breakthrough Behavioral Healthcare Education. MedNeuro advances medical + public understanding of the emotional component of mental health with the world’s first Visual CME on the interdependence of brain function, behavior, emotions, and health.

The Feeling Brain: Understanding the Neurobiology of Emotion is the future of medical education. #InsideTheFeelingBrain

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