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The Emory Wheel

The Emory Wheel Emory's only independent news source, student run & written since 1919. The Emory Wheel is Emory University's only independent student-run newspaper.

The Wheel has been serving the Emory community since 1919. Today, the Wheel publishes content online daily and produces a once a week print edition that highlights the most important stories of the week.

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Emory College of Arts and Sciences (ECAS) Dean Michael Elliott has resigned from Emory University to become the 20th pre...
06/02/2022
Emory College dean resigns, accepts position as Amherst president | The Emory Wheel

Emory College of Arts and Sciences (ECAS) Dean Michael Elliott has resigned from Emory University to become the 20th president of Amherst College.

Emory College of Arts and Sciences (ECAS) Dean Michael Elliott has resigned from Emory University to become the 20th president of Amherst College (Mass.), his undergraduate alma mater, according to a June 1 email to ECAS students from Elliott. The Amherst College Board of Trustees unanimously approv...

Oxford College plans to use the residential modular units (the Mods) — which were introduced to address over enrollment ...
05/28/2022
Oxford’s modular housing to remain for additional year | The Emory Wheel

Oxford College plans to use the residential modular units (the Mods) — which were introduced to address over enrollment — for an additional year.

Oxford College plans to use the residential modular units (the Mods) for an additional year. The Mods were introduced in fall 2021 as a temporary solution to address over enrollment at Oxford. First-year enrollment increased from 492 in 2020-21 to 593 students in 2021-22, a 20.5% increase. Sullivan....

Emory University recently joined the Gillette University Recycling Pilot Program, allowing students to recycle razors fo...
05/27/2022
Emory joins Gillette, TerraCycle recycling initiative following composting difficulties | The Emory Wheel

Emory University recently joined the Gillette University Recycling Pilot Program, allowing students to recycle razors for the chance to win prizes.

Emory University recently became one of 37 colleges participating in the Gillette University Recycling Pilot Program in partnership with the recycling company TerraCycle, which specializes in handling hard-to-recycle materials. The program encourages students to recycle their used disposable razors,...

Through a pandemic, improvements to the campus’ physical design and Emory University’s ongoing reckoning with its troubl...
05/26/2022
As Oxford Dean departs, he reflects on historic past six years, changes still to be made | The Emory Wheel

Through a pandemic, improvements to the campus’ physical design and Emory University’s ongoing reckoning with its troubling history, Hicks has presided over a historic six years in Oxford’s history.

Two days before Oxford College’s commencement ceremony, Dean Douglas Hicks sat in his office on the fourth floor of Seney Hall. From his prime view of the quad below, he overlooked the stage where he would send off second-year students to the Atlanta campus for the sixth year in a row. This year, ...

“I hope that [the Centers] deliver,” DRIVE CEO George Painter said. “They’re going to be very important to making a good...
05/26/2022
Emory, Georgia State receive $52 million for drug development center dedicated to pandemic prevention | The Emory Wheel

“I hope that [the Centers] deliver,” DRIVE CEO George Painter said. “They’re going to be very important to making a good level of global health.”

Emory University and Georgia State University will establish the Antiviral Countermeasures Development Center (AC/DC), a hub for research dedicated to preventing the next pandemic. The Center will develop potential COVID-19 antivirals, medications that attack viruses, beginning in late June. Over th...

“Thinking with Fungi” course integrates science with literature, training students to “think and observe the natural wor...
05/23/2022
More than just mushrooms: fungi class expands students’ worldview | The Emory Wheel

“Thinking with Fungi” course integrates science with literature, training students to “think and observe the natural world.”

Comparative literature instructor Laura Hunt ventures deep into mycology, literature and environmental science with her interdisciplinary class, “Thinking with Fungi: Literature and Ecomedia in Conversation (CPLT 202W).”

"In spite of the heat, or maybe because of it, the audience seemed bonded, like they were watching a mutual friend take ...
05/23/2022
Ricky Montgomery wants to ‘Talk To You’: singer describes path to sold-out Atlanta show | The Emory Wheel

"In spite of the heat, or maybe because of it, the audience seemed bonded, like they were watching a mutual friend take the stage to play their favorite songs."

On the fifth night of his sold-out “Back in Business” tour, singer Ricky Montgomery swept the front row with high fives. As he sang his 2021 single “Talk to You,” he posed with items from the crowd: a teddy bear, a plush hat shaped like a shark, a handheld Pride flag. The Loft had heated [.....

"The room smells like the vague suggestion of a daffodil, and the vibrant colors of O’Keeffe’s petals, leaves and filame...
05/19/2022
Irises looking at irises: Illuminarium’s O’Keeffe One Hundred Flowers experience | The Emory Wheel

"The room smells like the vague suggestion of a daffodil, and the vibrant colors of O’Keeffe’s petals, leaves and filaments do their best to distract you from the industrial piping and neon green exit signs that dot the previously-drab space."

The first article I ever wrote for the Emory Wheel’s queer column was about Georgia O’Keeffe, the iconic modernist painter who forever transformed American art with her exploration of color, scale, ambiguity and abstraction. For those unfamiliar with her name, you will likely recognize her famou...

“Dooley’s tavern has always been a mystery,” Max Migdon (23Ox) said. “It’s very degraded, and its purpose was never expl...
05/19/2022
Exploring the past, present and future of Dooley’s Tavern | The Emory Wheel

“Dooley’s tavern has always been a mystery,” Max Migdon (23Ox) said. “It’s very degraded, and its purpose was never explained to us. We see the signs saying we can’t go in and are very curious as to what it is. What’s the point in keeping its existence and purpose a secret?”

A sign posted on the front door warns visitors: “DON’T ENTER.” A decrepit building tucked behind Haygood Hall, Dooley’s Tavern appears to be forgotten by Emory University’s Oxford community. The white paint has been chipped away by time, exposing the building’s wood scaffolding. Most win...

Artificial intelligence savant Anant Madabhushi will join Emory in July to research AI to improve patient outcomes and a...
05/14/2022
Renowned health scholar joins Emory School of Medicine amid artificial intelligence research expansion | The Emory Wheel

Artificial intelligence savant Anant Madabhushi will join Emory in July to research AI to improve patient outcomes and address health inequities.

Artificial intelligence (AI) savant Anant Madabhushi will join the Emory University School of Medicine in July, where he will establish an institute that researches AI to improve patient outcomes and address health inequities. Madabhushi’s recruitment comes as the University expands its research i...

May 24 is election day for the 2022 Georgia primaries, which include races for U.S. senator and governor. Below is a gui...
05/14/2022
2022 Election Guide | The Emory Wheel

May 24 is election day for the 2022 Georgia primaries, which include races for U.S. senator and governor. Below is a guide outlining the different races and candidates on the ballot.

May 24 is election day for the 2022 Georgia primaries, although early voting began on May 2. Any primary races that advance to a runoff will hold an election on June 21, and the general election will take place on Nov. 8. Any general election run-offs will be held on Dec. 6. Georgia primary races [....

Click the link in our bio to read content from this year’s graduation magazine as 11 seniors reflect on their time at Em...
05/11/2022

Click the link in our bio to read content from this year’s graduation magazine as 11 seniors reflect on their time at Emory, former alumni provide advice, and much more.

For the first time in three years, Emory University’s graduation and Commencement festivities took place on campus, whic...
05/11/2022
Crossing the stage, turning tassels | The Emory Wheel

For the first time in three years, Emory University’s graduation and Commencement festivities took place on campus, which the Wheel captured in photos.

Crossing the stage, turning tassels by Madi Olivier and Matthew Chupack | 18 hours ago | Academics, Campus Life, News | 0 For the first time in three years, Emory University’s graduation and Commencement festivities took place on campus, starting with undergraduate Class Day Crossover on May 5 and...

Read this year's Graduation Magazine at the link below! Featuring the Commencement speaker, 22 Defining stories, Taking ...
05/10/2022

Read this year's Graduation Magazine at the link below! Featuring the Commencement speaker, 22 Defining stories, Taking Five: Fifth Year Athlete Reflections, Wheel Senior Surveys, Crossword, Emory Arts, Alumni Advice to Graduates, and Senior Reflections.
https://emorywheel.com/

Ranging from student activism to quarantine updates and major sports wins, the Class of 2022's Emory experience can be d...
05/10/2022
The 22 defining stories for the Class of 2022 | The Emory Wheel

Ranging from student activism to quarantine updates and major sports wins, the Class of 2022's Emory experience can be defined by the stories that were told during their time on campus.

Acceptance rate drops to 18.5 percent Alex Klugerman | March 28, 2018 Emory University welcomed the Class of 2022 during an admissions cycle with a 16% increase in applicants and an 18.5% acceptance rate, 3.3% decrease from the previous year. Applicants were also more competitive, boasting increased...

As seniors' time at Emory University comes to a close, notable alumni reflect on their experiences as students and give ...
05/10/2022
A puzzle master, an investigative journalist and a Disney executive walked into Emory | The Emory Wheel

As seniors' time at Emory University comes to a close, notable alumni reflect on their experiences as students and give advice to graduates.

Edwin Trevathan (82M, 82PH) Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health (Tenn.) Director Edwin Trevathan (82M, 82PH) credits his love for the Emory University School of Medicine to his scholarship interview getting pushed back. With nothing to do until his interview, Trevathan wandered down the street to...

As graduating Emory athletes hang up their jerseys and retire from collegiate sports, fifth year seniors Natalie Costero...
05/10/2022
Taking five: fifth year athletes reflect on extra year of eligibility | The Emory Wheel

As graduating Emory athletes hang up their jerseys and retire from collegiate sports, fifth year seniors Natalie Costero, Liam Fost and Romin Williams reflect on their decision to use their extra year of NCAA eligibility.

When Emory University men’s track and field sprinter Liam Fost received the news in March 2020 that the NCAA was shutting down winter sports due to the COVID-19 pandemic, he assumed that the hiatus would last no longer than a couple of weeks. As weeks stretched into months, Fost watched the precio...

#OPED: Selma wasn’t originally known for food deserts. Rather, it has a crucial place in American history, best known fo...
05/09/2022
The ghosttown of the South: Selma, Alabama | The Emory Wheel

#OPED: Selma wasn’t originally known for food deserts. Rather, it has a crucial place in American history, best known for Bloody Sunday, a civil rights march on March 7, 1965.

Selma wasn’t originally known for food deserts. Rather, it has a crucial place in American history, best known for Bloody Sunday, a civil rights march on March 7, 1965.

#BREAKING: EPD Chief Elliot apologized for any confusion caused by a deleted University tweet stating that an “active sh...
05/07/2022
Students shelter-in-place due to possible armed suspect on campus, University apologizes for unclear messages | The Emory Wheel

#BREAKING: EPD Chief Elliot apologized for any confusion caused by a deleted University tweet stating that an “active shooter” was on campus after a Druid Hills High School student was believed to have fled to Emory with a gun.

Emory University Police Department (EPD) Chief Cheryl D. Elliot apologized in a May 5 statement for any confusion caused by a University tweet stating that an “active shooter” was on campus. The tweet, which has since been deleted, was released at 11:41 a.m. as the first in a series of updates p...

Emory University shuttles will return to full capacity and permit standing riders on May 2. Masks will still be required...
05/02/2022
Shuttles to return to full capacity, University to discuss protocol changes amid increase in COVID-19 cases | The Emory Wheel

Emory University shuttles will return to full capacity and permit standing riders on May 2. Masks will still be required to ride.

Emory University shuttles will return to full capacity and permit standing riders on May 2. Masks will still be required to ride, according to Executive Director for COVID-19 Response and Recovery Amir St. Clair. Shuttles have been operating at full seated capacity since last summer, but standing ri...

For her final stop on her tour, Maude Latour performed at Center Stage Theater’s Vinyl venue on April 22. Our EL editor,...
04/30/2022
Backstage with Maude Latour: New York artist reflects on debut tour, platonic love | The Emory Wheel

For her final stop on her tour, Maude Latour performed at Center Stage Theater’s Vinyl venue on April 22. Our EL editor, Oli Turner spoke with Latour about her musical journey and what’s next.

Friends are underappreciated — at least, in Maude Latour’s opinion. The New York singer’s discography offers a fresh perspective on love — the platonic, the romantic, the romantically platonic — that emerges at a moment when love, in all its forms, needs a revolution. Latour traveled south...

The Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) awarded the Wheel with six region three Mark of Excellence Awards in the “...
04/30/2022
Wheel staff members win six awards, ranked twice as finalists by Society of Professional Journalists | The Emory Wheel

The Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) awarded the Wheel with six region three Mark of Excellence Awards in the “large” university category, which includes all schools with 10,000+ students, on April 28.

"Winning the Region 3 best all around student newspaper award for a second year in a row is a testament to our staff's continued dedication to covering all facets of life on the Emory campus,” former Editor-in-Chief Isaiah Poritz (22C) said. “It’s an achievement that every person who has contr...

During their last meeting of the year, the University Senate discussed the future of Emory’s construction projects and M...
04/29/2022
University Senate discusses future construction, Office of Compliance during final meeting of semester | The Emory Wheel

During their last meeting of the year, the University Senate discussed the future of Emory’s construction projects and MARTA, as well as plans for the Office of Compliance and campus life.

The Emory University Senate held its last meeting of the 2021-22 academic year on April 26. The Senate voted unanimously to pass the Consent Agenda, which “usually lumps routine procedural decisions together into a single motion to save time,” Senate Administrative Assistant Grace Goh wrote in a...

#BREAKING:“He made Emory’s founding campus into a destination for students across the nation and around the world,” Fenv...
04/29/2022
Oxford College dean resigns, accepts position as Davidson president | The Emory Wheel

#BREAKING:“He made Emory’s founding campus into a destination for students across the nation and around the world,” Fenves wrote. “I am grateful for all he has done for our university and wish him the best as he moves on to lead the Davidson community.”

Oxford College Dean Douglas Hicks has resigned from Emory University to become the 19th president of Davidson College (N.C.), his undergraduate alma mater, according to an April 29 email to Oxford students from Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs Ravi V. Bellamkonda. Davidson C...

“This is the opportunity to let people know that there is a polling site literally in your back door,” Gebresilassie sai...
04/27/2022
Emory to be DeKalb County’s new polling location, EVI seeks to increase student turnout | The Emory Wheel

“This is the opportunity to let people know that there is a polling site literally in your back door,” Gebresilassie said. “Let’s show up, and let’s vote.”

Emory University’s Atlanta campus will be DeKalb County’s official voting location. Voters can start using 1599 Clifton Road, an Emory administrative office near the Emory Conference Center Hotel, as a polling location when early voting opens on May 2. In past elections, student voters carpooled...

"From my seat in the Tabernacle audience, I could see a certain communion in the faces of the people around me, gazing a...
04/27/2022
Clairo wraps ‘Sling’ tour in Atlanta with mesmerizing show | The Emory Wheel

"From my seat in the Tabernacle audience, I could see a certain communion in the faces of the people around me, gazing at [Claire] Cottrill as if she raised them herself."

On the stage of the Tabernacle, Claire Cottrill, better known by her stage name Clairo, was wrapped in light. Her mostly teenaged audience gathered under the painted eaves of the concert hall, some shouting “I love you” and others waving handmade signs. Cottrill concluded her “Sling” tour in...

When the softball team found themselves with only eight healthy players earlier this season, other Emory athletes steppe...
04/26/2022
Softball season saved by Emory athletes: Basketball and volleyball Eagles join the softball team on the field | The Emory Wheel

When the softball team found themselves with only eight healthy players earlier this season, other Emory athletes stepped up to the plate.

In their first full season since 2019, the Emory University softball team compiled a 18-20 record. They have made appearances in five NCAA softball championships, most recently finishing as runner-ups in 2019. The Eagles have also brought home 12 championship titles out of their 16 appearances in th...

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Of Mice and Men By John Burl Smith author “The 400th From Slavery to Hip Hop” The phrase “The best laid schemes of mice and men” is found originally in Robert Burns’ poem “To a Mouse,” written in 1786. The poem is a response to the author’s careless destruction, while plowing, of a mouse's nest in a field. The resulting poem is Burns’ apology to the mouse. Robert Burns (1/25/1759–7/21/1796) was a Scottish poet and lyricist, universally regarded, as Scotland’s national poet. Burns, a cultural icon, is celebrated as a national charismatic cult leader, during the 19th and 20th centuries and pioneer of the “Romantic Movement.” Posthumously, he became the inspiration of both liberalism and socialism. On the other hand, John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr. (2/27/1902–12/20/1968) was a very prolific American author (33 books), which makes him a giant of American letters. Winner of the 1962 Nobel Prize in Literature, Steinbeck is noted "for his realistic and imaginative writings, while combining sympathetic humor and keen social perception." One of his iconic works “Of Mice and Men,” published in 1937, is characterized as a detailed and intricate story set during America’s Great Depression, which began in 1929 and lasted into the late 1930s. Steinbeck wrote in various genres, and like Burns, uses the word “mouse” in one of his most significant works “Of Mice and Men.” Unlike Burns in his poem “To a Mouse,” Steinbeck’s mouse story has a different intent. For most readers Steinbeck’s “Of Mice and Men” reflects America’s uncaring and total disregard for human life, as Burns plowman for the home of a rat. Steinbeck’s plot revolves around two nomadic farm workers, Lennie and George. George is a big strong man but mentally challenged, whereas Lennie is intelligent but uneducated, hence Lennie looks after his gentle-giant dimwitted friend. For me both stories are reflective of Burns immortal line “The best laid schemes of mice and men,” and is a prelude to where America finds itself today, as it struggles to survive the disastrous whirlwind of Donald Trump’s uncaring and destructive presidency. Cosigned in their book, “I Alone Can Fix It Donald J. Trump’s Final Catastrophic Year” Washington Post reporters Carol Leonnig and Philip Rucker, brilliantly describes Trumps “best laid plans and how he became a “rat,” with his 1/6 insurrection, which continues to ravish America’s democracy. Steinbeck’s “Of Mice and Men,” as “I Alone Can Fix It” details the odious impact and implications for America, as Trump’s stench hoovers over states like Georgia, Arizona and Florida smothering democracy, with Republican voter suppression. I use “The best laid plans of mice and men,” to segue a mice to a rat, which was revealed by “Tic Tokers,” which pulled the cover off of Trump’s scam, as president and re-election. Deploying a scam of their own they showed out of the gate, the “scammer-in-chief,” “orange hair and all, Tic Tokers convinced Trump, over a million MAGA lovers were headed for Tulsa. With dollar signs for eyeballs, Trump booked up all the hotels, and added overflow space for the giant arena, as well as an outdoor concert for his huge event. However, less than 6,000 MAGA fans showed up, as Tic Tokers punched holes in Trump’s invincibility. My point is kids figured out what grownups are still confused about today, which is “Trump is a RAT.” Moreover, I am convinced 11th and 12th graders and other young voters will be America democracy’s “saving grace!!” They are far smarter than they look and possess the voting power to prove it, while all Republicans have come up with are lies and voter suppression schemes in states like Georgia, Michigan, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Texas and others. The fast forward to the present is prompted by last week’s 42nd Harvard Youth Poll (HYP), which showed young Americans are very much aware of the threat Republicans represent to democracy. Young Americans, in this latest survey, shared concerns for repercussions from the pandemic, democratic government, the Biden administration, and climate change among other things. The HYP found young Americans are worried about democracy. Even more striking, 35% of respondents anticipate a second civil war during their lifetimes, where 25% believe that at least one state will secede. More than half feel democracy is under attack, and at least half of all respondents struggled with feelings of hopelessness and depression. Even more alarming, 50% of young people polled said that COVID-19 has changed them, and 51% say the pandemic had a negative impact on their life. While, 51% felt down or depressed at several different instances two weeks before the survey. Additionally, young people felt strongly affected and worried about the threat of climate change. Significantly, 56% of young Americans expect climate change to have an impact on their future decisions and 45% already see it affecting their local communities. Moreover, large numbers of both Democrats and Republicans believe that individual changes in behavior can have the greatest positive impact addressing the climate change crisis. More than half of respondents believe the U.S. government is not doing enough to address climate change. In addition to addressing climate change, respondents see strengthening the economy, uniting the country, and improving health care as key issues for the Biden administration. The HYP spoke with 2,109 people 18 and 29 years of age, on various topics from across the country and found a striking lack of confidence in U.S. democracy among young Americans. Only 7% view it as a “healthy democracy,” and 52% believe that “democracy is either in trouble or failing.” Support for Pres. Biden has also dropped across the board since the last Harvard Youth Poll in the spring. A majority of respondents were unhappy with how the president and Congress do their jobs. Among young Democrats, approval for Biden stands at 75%, a drop of 10 points since the last survey in March. Republican approval continues to tank, slumping to 9%—a decrease of 13 points since the spring—while among independents it dropped to 39%, a 14-point decrease. IOP Director Mark Gearan stated, “Our political leaders on both sides of the aisle would benefit tremendously from listening to the concerns that our students and young voters have raised about the challenges facing our democracy and their genuine desire for political parties to stop attacks and find common ground.” This brings us back to where we began “the best laid schemes of mice and men” and Donald J. Trump face to face with his attempted insurrectionist on 1/6. The US census has been given Americans numbers that show young Americans between the ages of 18 to 29 constitute the largest voting demographic presently in America. Now, for the first time ever, the HYP has established through personal preferences expressed by young voters, older voters can longer force their demands down young voters’ throats. The older generation must finally admit its failure to give young people VOICE, created Donald Trump. Now that older voters are no longer the majority, high school 11th and 12th graders have the voting power at the polls to elect and defeat MAGA with their ballots. Young people no longer must take to the street, as the only way to be heard. This is the threat Republican voter suppression is aimed to stop. Consequently, high school, 11th and 12th graders must do for their rabid MAGA parents and grandparents, as Lennie (Of Mice and Men) did for his gentle-giant dimwitted friend, save them before Trump leads them over a cliff, like lemming or another kind of rodent, as part of his “RAT PACK!!!”
It Has to Be A Love Story!!! Roslyn and Sandra Yarbrough it was a pleasure to autograph your books, but I must tell you why! While guiding my development as a writer, my wife Dot always admonish, “It has to be a love story, or why bother?” I embraced her admonition developing “The 400th From Slavery to Hip Hop!”, the book you are about to read. This love story began in slave pens long before the Emancipation Proclamation was ever a consideration. Love for one another enabled descendants of American slavery to begin their upward struggle to create the international culture referred to as hip hop today!! That trek began with their first major decision as free people, which was, to make families and build communities. Their next effort, gaining education and learn to communicate, gave their first decision real value. Family, education and communication strengthen their community building endeavors, which brought their descendants to where we are today. I share these words with you because most individuals who played crucial roles and laid the foundation on the yellow brick road of entertainment remain unsung, while others have been denigrated, if not destroyed, by a society devoid of compassion or sympathy. America, as a society, has refused to recognize the contribution of such unsung heroes, and the crucial roles they played breaking down barriers and setting a course of survival that allowed slave descendants to emerge, as one people. Their defiance, enduring the of actions white people, which was designed to keep them locked in perpetual slavery, was the single greatest, survival act of any people the world over. I selected two black families to illustrate this point in tell their stories in “The 400th”. First, Will Yarbrough, a husband and your father, represent the unsung in “The 400th”. Will, and many like him, battled in the shadows, breaking into the field of audio technology, was ignored, even though he played a leading role. Those who told the story of the growth and development of American entertainment, not only ignored contributions of black men, like Will, they glossed over or left their stories out altogether. More than that, they whitewash the entire story you will read, as presented in “The 400th”, which details how American entertainment began in “slave pens. The other example I selected illustrates and reflects how a black man’s body of work is disregarded, similar to how Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s indiscretions are raised to show he was not perfect, when no human is without faults. It is the impact this black man had on my life though we never met. The son of sharecroppers, whose family escaped Mississippi under the cover of night and most fortunately, was able to find shelter among the poorest of the poor in a place called “Greens Ally.” Again, similar to a beckon to a ship far out at sea, and beyond the inspiration from my mother and new father, one image in the late 1960s, gave that child a hero that looked just like him. No “Stepin Fetchit” or “Mantan Moreland,” who had to conform to white’s “blackface” demands, this black man was suave, debonair, intelligent and ready with a solution, when his white counterpart was at “wits end!” Yes I dare speak the name of Dr. Bill Cosby, as a hero and foundation layer of opportunities for most blacks who aspired to be professionals in the entertainment industry or some other endeavors. Unlike Will, your father, Dr. Cosby was not in the shadows. He was out front for all to see and most wanted to be him, as well as envied his success, even though he gave so many like you, a leg up beginning your career!! I was one of those who wanted to emulate such stellar success. He raised my expectation for what a black man could do in America, and I was not alone. Black men without an image of professional success in their lives, for the first time, had an example of what an individual black man could accomplish. I have never meet Dr. Cosby, but I spent the last 2 hours of his life with Dr. King, at the Lorraine Motel, and in those moments, his indiscretions did not tarnish the thoughts and image of what it meant and still means for descendants American slavery’s ability to draw on his inspiring leadership. I never imagined having such an opportunity, and I wonder today, had he lived, would his legacy be defined by his indiscretions, as Dr. Cosby’s for many??? So Sandra and Roslyn, wife and daughter, you have a very important role of supporting someone in their declining years, who gave so much to many, by opening doors and supporting those without opportunities, who have no idea what life would be like for them had men like Will and Dr. Cosby actually been the demon many make him out to be today. This is why my wife's admonition is so powerful to me!!! John Burl Smith author of “The 400th From Slavery to Hip Hop!!!!