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Operating as usual

About 60 people attended a National Day of Remembrance for Aborted Children on Saturday, Sept. 12, at Allouez Catholic C...
09/12/2020

About 60 people attended a National Day of Remembrance for Aborted Children on Saturday, Sept. 12, at Allouez Catholic Cemetery. During the hour-long outdoor event, participants listened to speakers, recited the rosary and Divine Mercy Chaplet. The service ended with a closing prayer by Fr. John Girotti, vicar for canonical services and associate moderator of the Curia for the Diocese of Green Bay. (Compass photos by Sam Lucero)

“Canon law indicates that before penalties are imposed, we need to ensure that fraternal correction, rebuke or other mea...
09/12/2020
Wisconsin bishop says 'both sides' urge response to priest's 'divisive' video | The Compass

“Canon law indicates that before penalties are imposed, we need to ensure that fraternal correction, rebuke or other means of pastoral solicitude will not be sufficient to repair the scandal,” Bishop William P. Callahan said in a statement about Father James Altman, pastor of St. James the Less Parish in La Crosse, and his video.

WASHINGTON — The bishop of La Crosse, Wisconsin, said Sept. 9 that he has privately begun “applying Gospel principles” to correct a pastor who in a video

“Her artwork is beautiful,” said Cindy St. Aubin, world mission director for the Green Bay Diocese. “We now have a winne...
09/12/2020
Noskowiak is national winner in Just for Kids 2019 contest | The Compass

“Her artwork is beautiful,” said Cindy St. Aubin, world mission director for the Green Bay Diocese. “We now have a winner four years in a row, from thousands of entries.”

ALLOUEZ — Payton Noskowiak, a freshman at Antigo High School, has been chosen as a winner in the Missionary Childhood Association (MCA) Christmas Artwork contest. She won

Back in the days when the entire Mass was sung in Latin, the men’s choir at St. Luke’s earned a reputation for its soari...
09/11/2020
Living in harmony | The Compass

Back in the days when the entire Mass was sung in Latin, the men’s choir at St. Luke’s earned a reputation for its soaring harmonies. It was one of the few male choirs in the Diocese of Green Bay. In 1948, the choir was in such high demand for performances and weddings that the church decided to pay each of its 30 members 50¢ per practice. The acoustics were heavenly. The choir sang like angels.

TWO RIVERS — Jim, Joe, Paul and Fran Schmitt grew up in a family of 17 and learned to sing in the church choir. The brothers skyrocketed

A mother of 10 and a parishioner of St. Joseph in Taneytown, Maryland, Kelly volunteered for Maryland Right to Life from...
09/10/2020
Leading Catholic pro-life advocate and legislative lobbyist dies at 88 | The Compass

A mother of 10 and a parishioner of St. Joseph in Taneytown, Maryland, Kelly volunteered for Maryland Right to Life from 1980 to 1990 before working for 11 years as a legislative lobbyist focusing on pro-life concerns for the Maryland Catholic Conference, the Annapolis-based legislative lobbying arm of the state’s Catholic bishops.

BALTIMORE — Patricia Kelly, a tireless advocate for the pro-life cause whose gentle but persistent lobbying efforts helped secure a ban on physician-assisted suicide in Maryland, died

The Veterans Mental Health Care Improvement Act of 2019 is meant to blunt what first-term U.S. Rep. Michael Waltz, R-Flo...
09/10/2020
Federal bill hopes to decrease veterans' suicide rate | The Compass

The Veterans Mental Health Care Improvement Act of 2019 is meant to blunt what first-term U.S. Rep. Michael Waltz, R-Florida, a former Green Beret, said is a “stubborn” suicide rate that results in 20 to 22 veterans on average committing suicide each day.

WASHINGTON — Legislation in Congress intends to direct more money to local initiatives to stop what the bill’s backers call an “epidemic” of suicide by veterans. The

The Sept. 8 online discussion — “Election 2020: Left, Right or Politically Homeless?” — was sponsored by Georgetown’s In...
09/10/2020
Bring civility, faith to discussions on 2020 election issues, say panelists | The Compass

The Sept. 8 online discussion — “Election 2020: Left, Right or Politically Homeless?” — was sponsored by Georgetown’s Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life as one of several Salt and Light gatherings for Catholics under 40.

WASHINGTON — Catholics’ hunger for a moral vocabulary in the final two months of the presidential race is unlikely to be successfully addressed by either nominee. Other

"As we enter this next phase, I would ask for your continued prayers for myself as well as our priests and pastoral lead...
09/10/2020
Transition time and the Lord’s day | The Compass

"As we enter this next phase, I would ask for your continued prayers for myself as well as our priests and pastoral leaders throughout the diocese. These are challenging times, but we will continue to do all we can to serve you."

As you know, almost six months ago, our lives changed dramatically. As the reality of the pandemic hit us, we had to adjust quickly as the decision

Bishop Ricken issues decree lifting dispensation for Sunday Mass obligation.
09/10/2020
Sunday Mass obligation | The Compass

Bishop Ricken issues decree lifting dispensation for Sunday Mass obligation.

ALLOUEZ — The Diocese of Green Bay has lifted the dispensation for Sunday Mass obligation. Beginning the weekend of Sept. 19 and 20, Catholics will again observe

A team of four St. Norbert College ROTC (Reserve Officer Training Corps) students — Karsen Sherrick, Jason Ortscheid, Ch...
09/10/2020
ROTC team walks 140 miles to raise funds for veterans | The Compass

A team of four St. Norbert College ROTC (Reserve Officer Training Corps) students — Karsen Sherrick, Jason Ortscheid, Chris Rosene and Sam Skiff — took part in the fifth annual ruck march, Aug. 16-22, from Green Bay to Milwaukee, to raise funds and awareness for American veterans.

DE PERE — Walking 140 miles over seven days was hard. Completing the trek in combat boots, while carrying a 45 to 50-pound rucksack, made it even

This is the second in a series prepared by the Wisconsin Catholic Conference as a guide for those who wish to inform the...
09/10/2020
Faithful Citizenship: Life and dignity of the human person | The Compass

This is the second in a series prepared by the Wisconsin Catholic Conference as a guide for those who wish to inform their consciences in order to participate more fully in the political process. To learn more about the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship (FCFC), visit faithfulcitizenship.org and wisconsincatholic.org.

Editor’s note: This is the second in a series prepared by the Wisconsin Catholic Conference as a guide for those who wish to inform their consciences in

The San Diego Union-Tribune daily newspaper reported Sept. 6 that Rear Adm. Bette Bolivar, the commander, was canceling ...
09/09/2020
Navy commander reverses decision to cancel priests' contracts for services | The Compass

The San Diego Union-Tribune daily newspaper reported Sept. 6 that Rear Adm. Bette Bolivar, the commander, was canceling its contracts with Catholic priests to say Mass for Navy personnel and their families, citing the need to cut costs. The move was going to affect Naval Base Coronado, Naval Support Activity Monterey and Naval Base Ventura County.

SAN DIEGO — The commander of U.S. Navy Region Southwest in San Diego announced late Sept. 8 that for at least the next year, she was reversing

Members of the society, known as Vincentians, are called “to live lives in imitation of Christ,” he explained. “As we do...
09/09/2020
St. Vincent de Paul groups aim to expand their faith support, outreach | The Compass

Members of the society, known as Vincentians, are called “to live lives in imitation of Christ,” he explained. “As we do that, we know we have a call to serve the less fortunate.”

INDIANAPOLIS — When asked what the Society of St. Vincent de Paul means to his community and him personally, Bob Zerr, a member of St. Paul Catholic

“JoAnne knows so much about the church,” said Ausloos. “She’s there as a sacristan and she helps train altar servers, sh...
09/09/2020
She's helping kids relate to church | The Compass

“JoAnne knows so much about the church,” said Ausloos. “She’s there as a sacristan and she helps train altar servers, she washes linens, anything that has to be done. She does all those beautiful ministries on her own time and she loves it. That translates into what she’s doing in the atrium here because she sees the beauty of the Mass and is trying to bring that to the younger kids to help them see that.” #YourCatholicNeighbor

OSHKOSH — Imagine a learning center filled with miniature replicas of all the various components of a Catholic Mass from scaled-down priestly vestments, to the monstrance, paten

“It’s like seeing people in your community in all different emotions, some still not feeling they can come back, and oth...
09/09/2020
Catholics celebrate Sunday Mass on Washington Island | The Compass

“It’s like seeing people in your community in all different emotions, some still not feeling they can come back, and others who are there. They are telling us, ‘This is the first time being to Mass in five months,’” said Diane. “The comments are just very powerful. Just looking out and seeing people on our front lawn and seeing their emotion, it’s just a sacred thing.”

WASHINGTON ISLAND — Life on a remote island ebbs and flows, much like the unsettled waters surrounding it. Larry and Diane Kahlscheuer, residents of Washington Island in

“They have asked us in a thousand ways to walk alongside them — not behind them or ahead of them, but at their side. Not...
09/08/2020
Young people have lessons to teach the church, pope says | The Compass

“They have asked us in a thousand ways to walk alongside them — not behind them or ahead of them, but at their side. Not over them or under them, but on their level,” he wrote in the introduction to a new Italian book of essays about youth ministry.

VATICAN CITY — Young Catholics are giving the church a valuable lesson in the real meaning of “synodality,” Pope Francis wrote. “They have asked us in a

Larry and Diane Kahlscheuer, residents of Washington Island in northern Door County since 1987, have been hosting Sunday...
09/07/2020

Larry and Diane Kahlscheuer, residents of Washington Island in northern Door County since 1987, have been hosting Sunday outdoor Masses at their home this summer. The Catholic community usually celebrates Sunday Mass at Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, but its doors were closed last March due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On Sept. 6, Fr. Tom Farrell again celebrated Mass for about 80 people. See story in the Sept. 11 issue. (Compass photos by Sam Lucero)

“He asked for a prayer as soon as he got on board and I said to him, ‘Are you with somebody?’ He gets on the phone and t...
09/07/2020
Distressed kayaker saved by Paulists on New York lake | The Compass

“He asked for a prayer as soon as he got on board and I said to him, ‘Are you with somebody?’ He gets on the phone and tells his wife, ‘Guess where I am at? I am on the Tiki boat,’ and he says, ‘It gets better, I am here with a bunch of priests.'”

ALBANY, N.Y. — This is a typical story really about Paulist Fathers, a floating Tiki bar and a kayaker. It all started when Greg Barrett, a captain

09/07/2020

A choir leads worshippers in song during an outdoor Mass at the home of Larry and Diane Kahlscheuer on Washington Island in #DoorCounty Sept. 6. The Kahlscheuers opened their front yard to summer Masses following the closure of churches due to the COVID-19 pandemic. See story in the Sept. 11 issue of The Compass.

Critics say the moratorium only delays a housing catastrophe for a few months. Some favor using federal dollars to help ...
09/04/2020
Eviction moratorium seen as short-term fix causing long-term problems | The Compass

Critics say the moratorium only delays a housing catastrophe for a few months. Some favor using federal dollars to help people pay rent and, by extension, help landlords pay mortgages.

WINDSOR TERRACE, N.Y. — A moratorium on evictions in the U.S., announced Sept. 1 by President Donald Trump, will keep thousands of Americans in their homes through

Pope Francis does not have a project for reforming the Vatican or the Catholic Church, but he has launched a process to ...
09/04/2020
Debate on married priests gives insight into pope's style, Jesuit says | The Compass

Pope Francis does not have a project for reforming the Vatican or the Catholic Church, but he has launched a process to encourage individual conversion in a way that could and should cause such a reform, Father Spadaro wrote in the Sept. 5 edition of the journal, which was published online Sept. 3.

VATICAN CITY — The debate at the Synod of Bishops for the Amazon over married priests is an example of how Pope Francis’ style of church governance

Funds collected will become part of the Bishops Emergency Disaster Fund and will be used to support the efforts of Catho...
09/03/2020
USCCB president urges special collection to aid disaster-stricken dioceses | The Compass

Funds collected will become part of the Bishops Emergency Disaster Fund and will be used to support the efforts of Catholic Charities USA and/or Catholic Relief Services, according to Archbishop Gomez.

WASHINGTON — Archbishop Jose H. Gomez of Los Angeles, president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, has asked his fellow bishops to consider having their parishes

Citing Pope Francis’ call for an “interdisciplinary approach” on issues such as sustainability, Cardinal Parolin told pa...
09/03/2020
Science, religion not opposing sides in humanity's progress, cardinal says | The Compass

Citing Pope Francis’ call for an “interdisciplinary approach” on issues such as sustainability, Cardinal Parolin told participants at a scientific conference that science and religion must work together for the good of humanity.

VATICAN CITY — Although technology has made leaps and bounds over the past decades, the scientific community must not isolate itself in its own advancements and exclude

“The archdiocese was aware of the abuse and allowed the abuse to continue. The archdiocese was also complicit in silenci...
09/03/2020
Proposed class-action suit claims negligence by Vancouver Archdiocese | The Compass

“The archdiocese was aware of the abuse and allowed the abuse to continue. The archdiocese was also complicit in silencing survivors, who were required to take oaths of secrecy when making complaints to the archdiocese,” the claim states.

VANCOUVER, British Columbia — A proposed class-action lawsuit filed against the Archdiocese of Vancouver claims the archdiocese was “systematically negligent” in protecting parishioners from abuse by clergy.

In an Aug. 31 decision, the National Electoral Institute’s complaints commission said the ad, which promoted President A...
09/03/2020
Mexican electoral body orders president to remove ad with papal reference | The Compass

In an Aug. 31 decision, the National Electoral Institute’s complaints commission said the ad, which promoted President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s annual state-of-the nation-address, violated rules regarding religious content.

MEXICO CITY — Mexico’s electoral authority ordered the president to remove a political ad that referred to Pope Francis and the Gospel. In an Aug. 31 decision,

In an Aug. 28 letter, Cardinal John Tong Hon of Hong Kong asked priests not to resort to using “slanderous and offensive...
09/02/2020
Hong Kong cardinal: Keep opinions on political issues out of sermons | The Compass

In an Aug. 28 letter, Cardinal John Tong Hon of Hong Kong asked priests not to resort to using “slanderous and offensive statements” in their sermons.

HONG KONG — Cardinal John Tong Hon of Hong Kong asked priests not to resort to using “slanderous and offensive statements” in their sermons. Ucanews.com reported the

“There is another form of death that has caused as much or more destruction than the coronavirus and has installed itsel...
09/02/2020
Viruses of corruption, injustice destructive as COVID-19, bishop says | The Compass

“There is another form of death that has caused as much or more destruction than the coronavirus and has installed itself in our Puerto Rican society for decades, at times in a stealthy manner and, at other times, shamelessly scandalously. It is the virus of corruption and social injustice,” Archbishop Gonzalez said in a pastoral letter published Aug. 28.

VATICAN CITY — The coronavirus pandemic not only has added to the many sufferings of the people of Puerto Rico but also has exposed decades of inequality

“I invite everyone to join a universal day of prayer and fasting for Lebanon” on Sept. 4, he said, adding that he would ...
09/02/2020
Pope calls for day of prayer, fasting for Lebanon | The Compass

“I invite everyone to join a universal day of prayer and fasting for Lebanon” on Sept. 4, he said, adding that he would send Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Vatican secretary of state, to Beirut on the occasion “to express my closeness and solidarity.”

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis has asked Catholics and all people of goodwill to observe Sept. 4 as a day of prayer and fasting for Lebanon. As

Bishop Richard E. Pates, apostolic administrator of the diocese, said the training will provide the diocese with “a grea...
09/01/2020
Diocese of Joliet to partner with nonprofit for Latino leaders initiative | The Compass

Bishop Richard E. Pates, apostolic administrator of the diocese, said the training will provide the diocese with “a great opportunity to continue developing and enhancing the leadership skills of priests, religious, and lay leaders within the #Hispanic community.”

WASHINGTON — The Diocese of Joliet, Illinois, will partner with the nonprofit Leadership Roundtable to train Latino leaders to serve the church in the United States through

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The Compass is the weekly newspaper for the Catholic Diocese of Green Bay. It was established in 1976 and is published by the Green Bay Catholic Compass, Inc. The Compass serves as the official diocesan communications in sections bearing the diocesan coat of arms. Opinions, analysis and interpretations are the responsibility of the Editor.

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THE TRUTH CONCERNING ALLEGED RISING INEQUALITY IN THE USA Background It is a fact that inequalities exist in America but they are almost always solidly rooted in immutable psychological traits such as IQ, industriousness, honesty, creativity, courage, etc. [See: AEI Monograph (1998) "Income Inequality and IQ" ]. Take IQ. According to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth by age 28 to 36, the top 10% in cognitive ability have a median earned an income of 4.8 times the median for the bottom 10%. Indeed, "The Bell Curve" (1994) in part one, "The Emergence of a Cognitive Elite", found that IQ is one of the best single predictors of job productivity. Most recently, researchers have found that DNA plays a role in social stratification. These investigators concluded that "Human DNA polymorphisms vary across geographic regions, with the most commonly observed variation reflecting distant ancestry differences." [See: Nature: Human Behaviour October 21, 2019 "Genetic Correlations of Social Stratifications in Great Britain" Abdellaoui et al or https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-019-0757-5 ]. For proof that all psychological traits are firmly riveted in nature and not in nurture one need only read Prof. Robert Plomin's new book, "Blueprint: How DNA Makes Us Who We Are", (Nov. 2018) which is the most recent scholarly work on the psychology of human genetics. In "Blueprint" Plomin, one of the very top experts in the field of behavioral genetics asserts that "A century of genetic research shows that DNA differences inherited from our parents are the consistent life-long sources of our psychological individuality -- the "Blueprint" that makes us who we are." Prof. Plomin also reports that "... genetics explain more of our psychological differences -- not just mental health and school achievement but all psychological traits, from personality to intellectual abilities. Nature, not nurture is what makes us who we are." [Note: The Dec. 14, 2018 issue of Scientific American contains a very brief essay by Prof. Plomin titled "In the Nature-Nurture War, Nature Wins." and in it, Plomin admits that "Environmental influences are important… too, but they are largely unsystematic, unstable and idiosyncratic -- in a word, RANDOM." (Emphasis added) Plomin continues "These findings call for a radical rethink about parenting, education and the events that shape our lives. It also provides a novel perspective on equal opportunity, social mobility and the structure of society."] In spite of this contrary scientific evidence that inequality is not rooted in economic factors, countless left-leaning economists, law professors, and political scientists insist, without foundation, that capitalism is the source for much of our nation's inequality. One needs only to read Prof. Joseph Stiglitz's "The Price of Inequality" (2013) or Prof. Thomas Piketty's tome, "Capital in the 21st Century" (2014) or Prof. Thomas Shapiro's "Toxic Inequality" (2017) and their calls for redistribution to understand that their driving motivation is a search for almost totally equal economic outcomes. They undertake this crusade in spite of the fact that even Lord Keynes believed that efforts to fight inequality hinder economic growth. [See: Foundation for Economic Education Aug. 11, 2018]. Even the IMF got it wrong. In a 2015 report titled "Causes and Consequences of Inequality," this organization errantly asserted that "Widening inequality is the defining challenge of our time. In advanced economies, the gap between rich and poor is at its highest level in decades." Interestingly, this barrage of unsupported claims prompted an author like Edward Conrad to produce a book, "The Upside of Inequality" in which he mistakenly states that capitalism is a cause of inequality but asserts that the overall impact is positive in that growth (rising GDP) has markedly improved everyone's standard of living. But the unifying and driving force exhibited by all of these millenarian collectivists is a desire to eliminate economic inequality of outcomes. This deep-seated human drive for equality likely stems from our ancestral days living as small hunter-gatherer bands that wandered the several continents (except Antarctica) for over 100,000 years. Sharing the "wealth" was a possible adaptation that probably helped to ensure the survival of the group. Individualism likely played a subservient role to the collectivism of each clan. Of course, these people all lived on the edge of starvation at a level of servile poverty that is almost unimaginable today. [See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hunter-gatherer ]. Then about ten millennia ago humans mastered the science of agriculture which resulted in a more stable food supply and as a consequence population levels of our lineage began to rise. But, our farming forebears still lived in a condition of almost total abject poverty. [See: http://j-bradford-delong.net/TCEH/1998_Draft/World_GDP/Estimating_World_GDP.html ]. This state of affairs continued uninterrupted for almost 10,000 years until the advent of capitalism (individualism) in central England about 1765. [Note: Highly regarded economic historian, Prof. Deirdre McCloskey, places this critical conversion in the northern Netherlands roughly 100 years earlier but the result is the same.] With the development of capitalism the Industrial Revolution began, GDP surged ahead and human-kinds overall levels of economic well-being soared, increasing according to some estimates by up to 5,000% at the turn of the 21st century. [See: https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/KnowledgeBank/how-has-growth-changed-over-time ]. In all of history, things had never gotten better for everyone any faster. [See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Divergence.] The following graph shows this remarkable upward trend in life expectancy, GDP per capita, energy capture, democratic governance, and war-making capacity along with a remarkable decline in extreme poverty. Moreover, in a 2001 essay titled "The Law of Accelerating Returns", Ray Kurzweil opined that the rate of technological change is exponential. [See: https://www.kurzweilai.net/the-law-of-accelerating-returns ]. Thus the sharp upward trend in these measures of well-being has continued and even accelerated since 2000 and it is not unreasonable to believe that the shift of ever-improving living standards and the rest will stretch further into the future. [See: https://fattailedandhappy.com/rise-of-asia-global-growth-since-2000/ ]. Regrettably, ever since Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote his famous essay, "Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men" in 1754 some (many?) collectivist scribes have sought to return our species to its hunter-gatherer roots when everyone was equally hungry and always desperately poor. [See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Jacques_Rousseau ]. As evidence of this ill-advised tendency, every day I read an almost endless array of pro-socialist and anti-capitalist articles in a variety of newspapers, magazines, and web sites and almost all of these focus on alleged rising levels of inequality. A single recent example should suffice. In a June 6, 2019 article in the NY Times, titled "The World is a Mess. We Need Fully Automated Luxury Communism", Aaron Bastini insisted that "We live in a world of low growth, low productivity and low wages, of climate breakdown and collapse of democratic policies. A world where billions, … live in poverty. A world defined by inequality." Next, I ask myself -- How could so many bright well-informed authors be so apparently unaware of the actual realities concerning the facts regarding the imagined phenomenon of increasing income and wealth inequality in the US? [See: https://www.amazon.com/product-reviews/0691143617/ref=acr_dpx_hist_3??ie=UTF8&filterByStar=three_star&showViewpoints=0 ]. These unfounded claims of growing income inequality and the exaggerated concentration of wealth in the US due to capitalism are easily rebutted. Many left-leaning economists are at heart closet "levelers" who favor more equal economic outcomes and these same people therefor support almost any move towards socialism. They thus espouse every misleading set of statistics that they can find in an effort to attain their goal. This is often called "data mining" and it is not useful. In his 1954 book, "How to Lie With Statistics" author Darrell Huff coined the word "statisticulation" by which he meant "statistical manipulation" which also describes very well the work of these many current day egalitarians. For example, some socialist commentators have contended that with a slew of data, Thomas Piketty confirmed what those on the left had long believed: that extreme inequality and the clustering of wealth are the natural outcomes of capitalism. [See: https://newrepublic.com/article/154186/bernie-sanders-democratic-socialist-failure-envision-world-without-capitalism ]. But, income inequality in the US has not risen in the last 60 years and the US Census Bureau data (along with Kitov & Kitov 2012) [See: https://www.academia.edu/4383266/The_Dynamics_of_Personal_Income_Distribution_and_Inequality_in_the_United_States ] prove it. Since 1960 the Bureau's Gini coefficient (one of many important measures that almost all economists use to track inequality) of income for "All US Persons" (individuals) has remained almost totally flat. [See: Table PINC-01 Selected Characteristics in the March Supplement which is published each year by the US Census Bureau as part of its Annual Demographic Surrey or visit https://politicalcalculations.blogspot.com/search?q=gini#.XR4aendFwuU ]. Thus there has been virtually no increase in US income inequality for individuals for six decades. [See: https://voxeu.org/article/human-capital-and-income-inequality ]. Also, most collectivist writers do not know that Prof. Piketty in 2015 quietly recanted much (most?) of what he wrote in "Capital in the 21st Century". [See: "About Capital in the 21st Century" American Economic Review 2015, 105(5): 48-53 or go to http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20151060 ]. What has been skewing upwards is the US Census Bureau's Gini coefficient for "US Households" (and "US Families"). [Note: In 2009 Prof. Robert Gordon found that "The rise in American inequality has been exaggerated both in magnitude and timing." See: https://www.nber.org/papers/w15351 thereby confirming the assertion that Alan Reynolds made at the Western Economics Association's July 2007 meeting that "... inequality in income, wages, consumption, and wealth among the US population as a whole does not appear to have increased significantly since 1988." See: https://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/has-us-income-inequality-really-increased ]. But nearly 100% of any increases have been caused by sociological (and not economic) factors (i.e. alterations in the size, make-up, and constitution of both US households and families.) For context, any divergence of these two data sets from the stable status of the statistics for "All US Persons" (individuals) began about 1970. [See: https://politicalcalculations.blogspot.com/search?q=gini#.XTMahXdFwuU ]. But as Stanford economist, Thomas Sowell, put it in his book, "Economic Facts and Fallacies" (2008), "Income comparisons using household statistics are far less reliable indicators of standards of living than individual income data because households vary in size while an individual always means one person." Later Prof. Sowell continued "Household income data can, therefore, be very misleading, whether comparing income differences as of a given time or following changes in income over the years." Perhaps a single specific example of this household trend will help to dismiss the lefts baseless trope regarding rising income inequality in the US. If a young woman in the 1950s became pregnant out of wedlock she almost always married the father thereby forming one new household (and one new family) with one caregiver and one breadwinner. Twenty years later mounting numbers of young women began bearing children without any serious intention of matrimony (today this figure in the US stands at 39.8%) [See: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/unmarried-childbearing.htm ] and this results in the formation of two new families (and two new households) one with a caregiver but no breadwinner and another with only a breadwinner. Both of these freshly formed households (or families) are each poorer than the combined single household (or family). Obviously, this emerging cultural (not economic) change began shifting the income inequality for households (and families) upward. There are many other sociological (but not economic) trends that have resulted in similar skewing of the household (and family) data. These include (but are not limited to) elevated levels of divorce which split one household (and family) into two needier units; increasing numbers of elderly women who outlive their spouses; rising instances of assortative mating (i.e. In the 1950s a doctor often married his nurse but today she marries another doctor or lawyer which results in a very high two-income household and family. Indeed, according to Greenwood et.al. (2014), the US Gini coefficient in 2005 would have fallen from the observed 0.43 to 0.34 if all US mating had been random. And the authors of this research thus concluded that "... assortative mating is important for income inequality.") [See: https://www.nber.org/papers/w19829?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw ] [Note: For a contrary point of view see:https://www.nber.org/papers/w20271.pdf ]; and numerous other sociological kinetics which markedly raises the Gini coefficients for both families and households but not for individuals. In their 2016 book, "Unequal Gains", Profs. Lindert and Williamson begin by dismissing in a footnote the US Census Bureau's data as "faulty official numbers" but later admit that the racial and gender inequality gaps have been converging since 1970 along with a declining gap in the North-South levels of inequality. But these two authors are unable to reconcile why these American "countercurrents" are moving in the opposite direction of their "new" measure of inequality which is the "tax unit" research of Piketty & Saez (2001). [See: https://www.nber.org/papers/w8467 ]. Lindert and Williamson revealed their true colors in "Unequal Gains'" last paragraph. "If there were any fulcrum at which historical insight might be applied to move inequality, it would be political. As we have said, no nation has used up all its political opportunities for leveling income without harming economic growth." Even worse, these two liberal economists asserted that "The South was the richest of the colonies, and even its slaves had higher living standards than did the poorest in England." Most collectivist economists (including LIndert & Williamson) always examine inequality using only pre-tax data and before taking into consideration any government transfer payments which each highly distort the real situation in America. The following graph depicts the true status: [See: https://www.cato.org/blog/different-look-after-tax-income-inequality ]. This certainly is no picture of rising income inequality in the US. For context, one should also note the following: According to the IRS data from 1992 to 2014 over 70% of "tax units" (a very close proxy for families) were among the top 400 individual US taxpayers for only a single year while only 3% were among this top tier for ten years or more. [See: https://taxfoundation.org/turnover-among-richest-americans/ ]. Thus, most US taxpayers had ultra-high incomes only one time in their careers. Also, in 2017 a US household needed $421,926 to be in the top 1%. [ See: https://www.epi.org/multimedia/unequal-states-of-america/#/United%20States ]. This is a very handsome sum but far less than many would imagine.In 2019, Auten & Splinter reported that "Top income share estimates based on only individual tax returns, such as Piketty & Saez (2003) are biased by tax-base changes, major social changes, and missing income sources." These authors continued "Our results suggest that the income shares are lower than the tax-based estimates, and since the early 1960s increasing government transfers and tax progessivity have resulted in little change in after-tax income shares." [See: "Income Inequality in the United States: Using Tax Data to Measure Long-Term Trends" Or see: Davidsplinter.com/autensplinter-tax_data_and_inequality.pdf ]. The Economist, noted regarding this research, that "Just as ideas about inequality have completed their march from the Academy to the frontlines of politics, researchers have begun to look again. And some are wondering whether inequauality has risen as much as claimed -- or, by some measures, at all." The results of this research paper have also been reported by Vox, PBS, The Hill and the WSJ. Turning the alleged accumulation of wealth due to capitalism. This misleading claim made by many collectivists also lacks important framing. Augustus Caesar was worth an estimated $4.6 trillion but economic historians name Mansa Musa I (1280 - 1337) of the Mali Empire in sub-Saharan Africa as the richest man of all time. Jakob Fugger (1459 - 1525), a German merchant, amassed a fortune worth an estimated $400 billion in today's dollars more than 250 years before the onset of capitalism. Today the world's richest man is Jeff Bezos with a net worth of about $125 billion. He is followed by Bernard Arnault with just under $108 billion and Bill Gates at slightly more than $107 billion. [See: https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/markets/arnault-overtakes-gates-to-become-worlds-second-richest-person/ar-AAEqfUQ?ocid=spartandhp ]. Basil II, Alan the Red, Nicholas II, William the Conqueror, and Muammar al-Qaddafi, along with all of the "Robber Barons" of the late 19th and early 20th centuries were also far wealthier than Mr. Bezos in US dollars adjusted for inflation. [See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wealthiest_historic_figures ]. As an aside and for further context, several large family fortunes have been divided by inheritance. The combined Walton family fortune today stands at $191 billion, the Mars estate has a total worth of $127 billion and the Koch family wealth is now $125 billion. [See: The Jewish Journal reporting from Bloomberg Aug. 11, 2019]. In the May 15, 2014 edition of Foreign Affairs magazine in an article titled "The Inequality Illusion" economists Wojciech Kopczuk and Allison Schrager reported that "... there is limited evidence that wealth inequality has actually worsened in the US in the last 30 years." A year later Zucman & Saez in a scholarly paper, ("Wealth Inequality in the US Since 1913") found that wealth inequality was not rising quickly below the top 0.1%. [See:https://berkeley.edu/~saez/saez-zucmanNBER14wealth.pdf ]. According to Harvard professor and economist, Martin Feldstein, this increase in the wealth statistics among the top 0.1% was due almost entirely to the 0.01%'s conversion from reporting their taxes as "C" corporations to "sub-S" corporations after the 1986 tax act. [See:https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/pubs/pdf/anti-piketty.pdf ]. Thus, there has been little or no concentration of wealth in the US since 1970. For some unexplained reason, many socialists confine their analysis of inequality to measures of income (annual earnings) and wealth (accumulated economic assets less debt) thereby ignoring many other important benchmarks (mortality, morbidity, literacy, consumption, gender, race, etc.) and one might assume that these other unmentioned norms may not support their collectivist claims of inequality that is skewing out of control. [See: https://mortality.org/ ]. The simple truth is that these other metrics are both: getting better fast and converging while not diverging as many on the left would have us believe. [See:https://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2005/wp2_2005.pdf ]. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has firmly asserted that "Economic growth is the most powerful instrument for reducing poverty and improving the quality of life in developing countries." [See: www.oecd.org/derec/unitedkingdom/40700982.pd ]. Of course, many collectivists want to halt the expansion of human economic well-being asserting that things are good enough today. [See: https://www.amazon.com/Lets-Get-Rid-growth-Globalization/dp/1484036557/ref=sr_1_28_sspa?keywords=capitalism&qid=1564929398&s=books&sr=1-28-spons&psc=1 ].Thus, any effort that might slow economic growth via socialism would be a virtual "death sentence" for our planet's needy. Interestingly, Michael O'Sullivan in his new book "The Leveling" insists that while globalization has ended the next major trend will be a worldwide equalizing of wealth, income, consumption, etc. In further support of the OECD's assertion Prof. Raghuram Rajan, an economist at the University of Chicago and former chief economist for the IMF, in his latest book, "The Third Pillar" (2019) reports that "We are surrounded by plenty. Humanity has never been richer as technologies of production have improved steadily over the last two hundred fifty years. It is not just developed countries that have grown wealthier; billions across the developing world have moved from stressful poverty to a comfortable middle-class existence in the span of a generation. Income is more evenly spread across the world than at any other time in our lives. For the first time in history, we have it in our power to eradicate hunger and starvation everywhere." This is capitalism's real historical economic record. Moreover, the editors of The Economist magazine on May 23, 2019, opined that "Capitalism is improving workers' lot farther than it has in years … (and) … the zeitgeist has lost touch with the data." They added that the bleak picture painted by the left "... is at odds with reality." In other words, many news outlets are apparently not reporting the economic truth about capitalism. Indeed, Prof. Richard Baldwin, president of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) in London, in his 2016 book, "The Great Convergence" notes that "From 1820 to 1990 the share of world income going to today's wealthy nations soared from 20% to 70% and that share has recently been plummeting. Today, their share is now back to where it was in 1914." According to Dr. Baldwin "This new trend … is surely the dominant economic fact of the last two or three decades." This leads one to inquire -- Why does this critical new trend go virtually unreported? Summary One should compare all of these facts with socialism's record of rendering almost everyone to be only equally poor. Thus, liberals imagined emphasis on rising inequality in the USA due in-part to capitalism represents one of the world's biggest economic hoaxes.