International Journal of Maternal and Child Health & AIDS - IJMA

International Journal of Maternal and Child Health & AIDS - IJMA Peer-reviewed, open-access, global health journal covering maternal and child health and HIV/AIDS issues around the world. The International Journal of Maternal and Child Health (MCH) and AIDS (IJMA) is a multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, clinical studies, evaluation studies, and policy analyses in all areas of maternal, infant, child health, (MCH) and HIV/AIDS from around the world.

IJMA is published by the Global Health and Education Projects (GHEP), Inc, a non-profit, non-partisan, educational, research, and development policy organization committed to addressing social determinants of health, eliminating health and educational disparities, and entrenching sustainable human development by educating and empowering people around the world.

IJMA is published by the Global Health and Education Projects (GHEP), Inc, a non-profit, non-partisan, educational, research, and development policy organization committed to addressing social determinants of health, eliminating health and educational disparities, and entrenching sustainable human development by educating and empowering people around the world.

Mission: We're publishing finest and best research in the field of maternal and child health (MCH), HIV/AIDS, global health, public health. We're developing the next generation of public health leaders, researchers, scientists, and academics in the developing world by providing a platform for academic publishing and mentorship. IJMA is widely Indexed in PubMed Central, PubMed, DOAJ, CNKI,, etc.

Operating as usual

This paper studied the temporal trends in the rates of #singletons, twins and higher-order multiple births over five dec...
08/30/2020

This paper studied the temporal trends in the rates of #singletons, twins and higher-order multiple births over five decades across #racial groups in the United States. The global health implication of these findings is that policy changes in the US in the form of professional practice guidelines have succeeded in reducing the birth of vulnerable #populations (i.e., higher-order multiples) who are predominantly created using assisted #reproductive technology.

Read More https://www.mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/377

About 86 percent of the estimated 160,000 children newly-infected with the human #immunodeficiency virus (HIV) live in s...
08/23/2020

About 86 percent of the estimated 160,000 children newly-infected with the human #immunodeficiency virus (HIV) live in sub-Saharan #Africa. This paper discusses challenges associated with #perinatal HIV transmission prevention in sub-Saharan Africa and offers strategies for the way forward. These strategies include safe sex education and #behavioral change, increased access to integrated a#ntenatal care, training of unskilled traditional birth attendants into formal delivery systems, access to #antiretroviral therapy, and investing in #virologic testing.

Read More https://www.mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/404

High-quality maternal and child health (MCH) programs are needed to meet the global Sustainable Development Goals 1, 2, ...
08/09/2020

High-quality maternal and child health (MCH) programs are needed to meet the global Sustainable Development Goals 1, 2, 3, and 10. Principles such as Leadership Matters and Create a Culture of Discipline are guideposts that can improve the quality of MCH programs over time. This commentary outlines criteria which could both guide MCH organizational development and funders’ evaluations of MCH.

Read More https://www.mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/384

The study sought to determine the #contraceptive characteristics of women living with #HIV in #KumasiMetropolis, #Ghana....
07/26/2020

The study sought to determine the #contraceptive characteristics of women living with #HIV in #KumasiMetropolis, #Ghana. Contraceptive use among women living with HIV is important to prevent the transmission of the #infection to their partners, prevent unintended pregnancies, and prevent the mother-to-child transmission of the infection. The integration of #FamilyPlanning and HIV/AIDS services could stress dual method use and encourage #HIVStatus disclosure to partner

Emmanuel Nakua
Easmon Otupiri

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/16

This study is an #ecological lens into the last decade related to cesarean section and maternal-fetal #mortality Rates i...
07/12/2020

This study is an #ecological lens into the last decade related to cesarean section and maternal-fetal #mortality Rates in #Nigeria. The study reveals an overall #CSR of 10.4% and a significant rise in CSR over the 9-year period (2008-2016) of about 108% across hospital facilities in Nigeria.The #MMR found in this study clearly indicates that Nigeria is far behind in making progress toward achieving the #Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SGD 3) which aims to reduce the global MMR to less than 70 per 100 000 live births by 2030.

Deepa Dongarwar
Murtala Yusuf
Abdurrahman Ahmad Sadiq MD
Hamisu Salihu

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/349

A study related to paternal involvement and adverse birth outcomes in South Gujarat, #India. Low #Paternalsupport during...
06/28/2020
Paternal Involvement and Adverse Birth Outcomes in South Gujarat, India | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

A study related to paternal involvement and adverse birth outcomes in South Gujarat, #India. Low #Paternalsupport during #pregnancy may be a missed opportunity to increase healthy practices during pregnancy as well as decrease the risks associated with limited #SocialSupport during pregnancy. It is important to consider varying #SocioCultural family dynamics in different populations and how they may influence paternal involvement during pregnancy.

Nupur B. Godbole, MD
Megan S. Moberg, MD
Parth Patel, MD
Jayesh Kosambiya, MD
Hamisu M. Salihu, MD, PhD
Elba Adriana Campos, MPH
Lynette Menezes, PhD
Ragini Verma, MD
Rone Wilson, PhD, MPH

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/348

Paternal Involvement and Adverse Birth Outcomes in South Gujarat, India Nupur B. Godbole, MD Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA Megan S. Moberg, MD Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA Parth Patel, MD Morsani College of Medici...

A study related to the place of residence and #inequities in adverse #pregnancy and #BirthOutcomes in India. Interventio...
06/14/2020

A study related to the place of residence and #inequities in adverse #pregnancy and #BirthOutcomes in India. Interventions at various #socio-ecologic and #cultural levels, along with improved #HealthLiteracy, access to improved #Healthcare and #sanitation need attention when formulating and implementing policies and programs for equitable progress towards improved #maternal and #ReproductiveHealth.

Deepa Dongarwar Hamisu Salihu Romuladus E. Azuine, DrPH, MPH, RN Magnus Azuine

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/291

Retention in #HIV/#AIDS Management Services: is it Really Poor? The Case of #Yaounde Central Hospital in #Cameroon. A st...
06/07/2020

Retention in #HIV/#AIDS Management Services: is it Really Poor? The Case of #Yaounde Central Hospital in #Cameroon. A study related to why many #HIVPositive patients are often reported to have defaulted on their #treatment, become lost to follow-up (#LTFU), or no longer in care.

Charles Kouanfack
Fala Bede (MD,MPH)
Claude Ngwayu Nkfusai, MSc
Emerson Wepngong, MD
Mbinkar Adeline Venyuy, MSc
Hubert CHOMBONG NZODOUMKOUO
Denise Movuh Sam, MD
Dr. Samuel Nambile Cumber

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/305

Global Ranking of COVID-19-Related Mortality by Country using a Novel Pandemic Efficiency Index (PEI). This tool can be ...
05/31/2020

Global Ranking of COVID-19-Related Mortality by Country using a Novel Pandemic Efficiency Index (PEI). This tool can be utilized globally to test the relative efficiency of measures put in place to avert death resulting from COVID-19 infection.

Hamisu M. Salihu, MD, PhD
Deepa Dongarwar, MS
Muktar H. Aliyu, MD, DrPH

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/378

Understanding the risk factors is important in designing programs and #interventions to reduce #maternal #deaths from wo...
05/24/2020

Understanding the risk factors is important in designing programs and #interventions to reduce #maternal #deaths from women of the group of 15-24 in #Tanzania. These risk factors were the subject of a recent study. It was determined that this age group contributes about 18% of all maternal deaths in Tanzania.

Florence F. Kimario, RN, Dip.N, BScN
Charles Festo, MSc, MSc
Josephine Shabani, MSc
Mwifadhi Mrisho, PhD

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/361

Effectiveness of a 24/7 Dad #Curriculum in improving #father Involvement as seen in the development of #infants, young c...
05/17/2020

Effectiveness of a 24/7 Dad #Curriculum in improving #father Involvement as seen in the development of #infants, young children or #adolescents. The study reveals that not all male participants were #biological fathers indicating that the benefits of male involvement extend beyond biological boundaries.

Rone E. Wilson
Renice Obure
Precious Omokaro
Hamisu M. Salihu, MD, PhD
Estrellita Berry
Deborah A. Austin
Jennifer G. Christner

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/338

A study determining the #breastfeeding knowledge and practices of women who have children aged 0-2 years living in Naval...
05/10/2020
Breastfeeding Knowledge and Practices among Mothers of Children under 2 Years of Age Living in a Military Barrack in Southwest Nigeria | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

A study determining the #breastfeeding knowledge and practices of women who have children aged 0-2 years living in Naval Barracks in #Nigeria. Focus on the need to #educate women and communities worldwide particularly in low-income countries about good breastfeeding practices.

Modupe Rebekah Akinyinka, MBBS, MPH, FMCPH
Foluke Adenike Olatona, MBBS, MPH, FMCPH
Esther Oluwakemi Oluwole, MBBS, MPH, FMCPH

https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/79A

Breastfeeding Knowledge and Practices among Mothers of Children under 2 Years of Age Living in a Military Barrack in Southwest Nigeria Modupe Rebekah Akinyinka, MBBS, MPH, FMCPH Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University College of Medicine, 1-5, Oba Akinjobi Road...

HOW DID YOUR COUNTRY DO FIGHTING COVID-19? Some nations have done well in reducing deaths from Covid-19 while others hav...
05/06/2020
Global Ranking of COVID-19-Related Mortality by Country using a Novel Pandemic Efficiency Index (PEI) | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

HOW DID YOUR COUNTRY DO FIGHTING COVID-19?

Some nations have done well in reducing deaths from Covid-19 while others have not. What did nations do to minimize deaths? And what did other nations not do? A new index created by researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in Texas, USA, shows how to measure national efforts to prevent deaths from Covid-19. World Health Organization (WHO) CDC UNICEF USAID Global Health

Study focused on the knowledge of danger signs during #pregnancy as a result of the choice of place of delivery among wo...
05/03/2020
Determinants of Home Delivery among Women Aged 15-24 Years in Tanzania | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

Study focused on the knowledge of danger signs during #pregnancy as a result of the choice of place of delivery among women aged 15-24 years in #Tanzania. Understanding these #RiskFactors is important in designing programs and #interventions to #ReduceMaternal deaths in Tanzania.

Florence F. Kimario, RN, Dip.N, BScN
Charles Festo, MSc, MSc
Josephine Shabani, MSc
Mwifadhi Mrisho, PhD

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/361

OLDER WOMEN AT HIGHER RISK OF STILLBIRTHSA study from Baylor College of Medicine has found a strong association between ...
05/01/2020
Stillbirths among Advanced Maternal Age Women in the United States: 2003-2017 | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

OLDER WOMEN AT HIGHER RISK OF STILLBIRTHS
A study from Baylor College of Medicine has found a strong association between maternal age and the rate of stillbirths in the United States: the older a woman is, the greater the risk of stillbirth. This study takes a deep dive into the statistics and looks at numbers across certain demographics as well.
#globalhealth #maternalhealth #publichealth #WHO #UNICEF #USAID

Stillbirths among Advanced Maternal Age Women in the United States: 2003-2017 Deepa Dongarwar, MS Center of Excellence in Health Equity, Training and Research, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA Anjali Aggarwal, MD Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine,...

INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE IN AFRICAN REGIONSLike most countries in the world, #Africa is nowhere near free of intimate p...
05/01/2020
Association between Intimate Partner Violence, Knowledge and Use of Contraception in Africa: Comparative Analysis across Five African Regions | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE IN AFRICAN REGIONS
Like most countries in the world, #Africa is nowhere near free of intimate partner violence (IPV). This study by the Baylor College of Medicine USA investigates the rates of IPV in five regions of #Africa, and while the primary goal was to explore a possible connection between IPV and contraception use, much more significant data was discovered. Read the full study to learn more.
#globalhealth #maternalhealth #publichealth #WHO #UNICEF #USAID

Study of the correlation between #PEPFAR funding and HIV reduction and suggestions on future research and the policy imp...
04/26/2020
PEPFAR Funding and Reduction in HIV Infection Rates in 12 Focus Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Quantitative Analysis | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

Study of the correlation between #PEPFAR funding and HIV reduction and suggestions on future research and the policy implications of PEPFAR.The study reflects that the #HIV reduction should have been higher in the 12 Sub-Saharan #African Countries.

Roger J. Chin, MA, MPA
Domrongphol Sangmanee, MA
Lisa Piergallini, MA

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/47

PEPFAR Funding and Reduction in HIV Infection Rates in 12 Focus Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Quantitative Analysis Roger J. Chin, MA, MPA Claremont Graduate University, The Claremont Colleges, Claremont, CA 91711, USA Domrongphol Sangmanee, MA Claremont Graduate University, The Claremont College...

CAN PUBLIC HEALTH BENEFIT FROM ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?As medical technology continues to evolve, so does the discussion...
04/25/2020
Artificial Intelligence in Global Health —A Framework and Strategy for Adoption and Sustainability | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

CAN PUBLIC HEALTH BENEFIT FROM ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?

As medical technology continues to evolve, so does the discussion of what place artificial intelligence (AI) technology has in the field of medical science and #publichealth. In this article, experts from Bayshore College of Medicine dive into the current state of medical AI and the push for more complex AI-based Global Health Initiatives (GHI), all while presenting ideas for how this field can be developed further in the future. The recommendations are simply fascinating.
#globalhealth #maternalhealth #WHO #UNICEF
#USAID #CDC

Artificial Intelligence in Global Health —A Framework and Strategy for Adoption and Sustainability Trevor D. Hadley, BSA Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77098, USA Rowland W. Pettit, BS Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77098, USA Tahir Malik, BS Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, ...

HEALTH INEQUALITIES HURTING INDIA CHILDBIRTHWhile efforts to bring urban health care to rural areas of #India have had a...
04/25/2020
Place of Residence and Inequities in Adverse Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes in India | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

HEALTH INEQUALITIES HURTING INDIA CHILDBIRTH
While efforts to bring urban health care to rural areas of #India have had a positive impact, the gap between both urban and rural India is still shockingly large. This new study by two Baylor College of Medicine researchers explores the shocking effects of health inequality on childbirth in #India.
#globalhealth #maternalhealth #publichealth #WHO #UNICEF
#USAID #CDC

Place of Residence and Inequities in Adverse Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes in India Deepa Dongarwar, MS Center of Excellence in Health Equity, Training and Research, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA Hamisu M. Salihu, MD, PhD Center of Excellence in Health Equity, Training and Research,...

EXPERT U.S. PANEL DEVELOPS NIH TREATMENT GUIDELINES FOR COVID-19 A panel of U.S. physicians, statisticians, and other ex...
04/24/2020
Expert U.S. Panel Develops NIH Treatment Guidelines for COVID-19 | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

EXPERT U.S. PANEL DEVELOPS NIH TREATMENT GUIDELINES FOR COVID-19

A panel of U.S. physicians, statisticians, and other experts has developed treatment guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These guidelines, intended for healthcare providers, are based on published and preliminary data and the clinical expertise of the panelists, many of whom are frontline clinicians caring for patients during the rapidly evolving pandemic.

Expert U.S. Panel Develops NIH Treatment Guidelines for COVID-19 2020-04-24 A panel of U.S. physicians, statisticians, and other experts has developed treatment guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These guidelines, intended for healthcare providers, are based on published and prelimi...

HAPPY EARTH DAYFrom all of us at IJMA, here is wishing you a wonderful Earth Day 2020. Be safe, be healthy, be earth wel...
04/23/2020

HAPPY EARTH DAY
From all of us at IJMA, here is wishing you a wonderful Earth Day 2020. Be safe, be healthy, be earth well.
Show your friends some love, type earth lives!

How Much are #Ecuadorians Willing to Pay to Reduce Maternal Mortality? Results from a Pilot Study on #ContingentValuatio...
04/20/2020
How Much are Ecuadorians Willing to Pay to Reduce Maternal Mortality? Results from a Pilot Study on Contingent Valuation | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

How Much are #Ecuadorians Willing to Pay to Reduce Maternal Mortality? Results from a Pilot Study on #ContingentValuation. Reduction of #MaternalMortality will remain an important #GlobalDevelopmental goal in the upcoming years

Maria Isabel Roldos Justin Ingels Romuladus E. Azuine, DrPH, MPH, RN Magnus Azuine, PhD, MPH, MSc, CHAS

Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/166

RACISM’S IMPACT ON A HEALTHY QUALITY OF LIFEIt cannot be understated just how strong of a negative impact experiences of...
04/18/2020

RACISM’S IMPACT ON A HEALTHY QUALITY OF LIFE
It cannot be understated just how strong of a negative impact experiences of racism can have on an individual and their mental health. It can force one’s quality of life down into dangerous territories and push them to risky solutions. This research study by various Florida-based medical experts looks at the correlation between experiences of racism and the impact it has on one’s perceived stress index (PSS). You can read more by following the link below:
https://www.mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/339

NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS AND ORAL HEALTH PROBLEMSChildren with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) appear to be at a ...
04/18/2020

NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS AND ORAL HEALTH PROBLEMS
Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) appear to be at a much greater risk of oral health problems than others! This study by the Baylor College of Medicine provides an in-depth statistical view of the OHP gap between children with NDDs and those without, as well as the global health implications. The information presented here could aid many families, so check out the full study by following the link below to learn more:
https://www.mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/342

FETAL RISKS OF MATERNAL CAFFEINE CONSUMPTIONCaffeine is a huge part of many peoples’ lives and is found in many of the p...
04/14/2020

FETAL RISKS OF MATERNAL CAFFEINE CONSUMPTION
Caffeine is a huge part of many peoples’ lives and is found in many of the products we consume; however, there are some maternal risks that can arise with caffeine consumption. This study by the University of South Florida presents statistical data about maternal caffeine consumption and the potential effects on the fetus, as well as comparing data between different racial groups. Follow the link to read more:
https://www.mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/290

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The International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA) is the first open-access journal dedicated to publishing new research on global and national maternal and child health focused on the social determinants of health and disease as well as on the disparities in the burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases affecting infants, children, women, adults, and families across the world.

IJMA has become the journal of choice for major public health agencies including WHO, UNICEF, Management Sciences for Health and major universities and researchers around the world. We welcome high quality papers on MCH and HIV/AIDS issues. We welcome high-quality papers, opinion articles, and commentaries from scientists, researchers, and experts as well as those working with developing country populations.


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Policies and programs to enhance the quality of facility-based early #newborn care and promote community-based newborn care could improve #neonatal outcomes and reduce overall child #mortality in resource-challenged settings. Comfort Z. Olorunsaiye, PhD Korede Yusuf Romuladus E. Azuine, DrPH, MPH, RN Magnus Azuine, PhD, MPH, MSc, CHAS Read More https://mchandaids.org/index.php/IJMA/article/view/324
After going through this article i found out that Consultations for nPEP are as frequent as those occupational PEP (48% vs 52% in this study) in clinical practice at Yaounde central hospital. In our study, we found that 27% (82/299) unnecessary ART prescriptions were avoided by determining that the exposure source person had negative HIV status. In addition, adolescent or young females consulting for nPEP in clinics could be potential victims of sexual assault or gender-based violence. Where possible, we recommend that clinicians consider the source of suspected viral exposure in clinical practice prior to administering ART for PEP.
After going through this article i discovered that The CHESS advocates model showed promises of efficacy in engaging faith communities as important actors in promoting MCH practices and mitigating gender injustices particularly in rural and underserved communities. Like other faith based models. The model helped to improve MCH seeking behavior, influenced change in harmful gender norms and in community response against gender based violence in rural communities.
After going through the article i discovered that Compared to standard clinical assessment, AmniSure ROM test was a more sensitive, rapid and accurate method for confirming the diagnosis of rupture of membrane. Its adoption in routine practice will reduce complications associated with delay and missed diagnosis following use of routine standard clinical assessment alone.
After reading this article it was discovered that The prevalence of Opportunistic infections is high among people living with HIV. Shingles was the most common OI found followed by pulmonary tuberculosis and CD4
How to Plant Containerized Trees Trees purchased from nurseries are often delivered in a pot or container. These instructions are for planting containerized trees. You can print these instructions to take with you. Instructions 1. Dig a hole 3 to 4 times wider than the container. The hole should have sloping sides like a saucer to allow for proper root growth. 2. Carefully remove the tree from the container keeping the soil around the roots intact. It helps to tap the outside of the container to loosen the edge. Carefully slide the tree from the container. Don't yank the tree out of the container as this can separate the roots from the tree. 3. Sometimes containerized trees become root-bound or the roots look like they're about to circle the root ball. If your tree is like this, cut an X across the bottom of the root ball and four vertical slices along the sides of the root ball with a sharp knife. 4. Set the tree in the middle of the hole. Avoid planting the tree too deep. If the root collar sits below the top of the hole, compact some soil under the tree so that the root flare at the base of the trunk is slightly above ground level. Using some soil, secure the tree in a straight position, then fill and firmly pack the hole with the original soil, making sure there aren't any air pockets. Keep backfilling until the soil is just below the root collar. 5. Create a water-holding basin around the hole and give the tree a good watering. After the water has soaked in, spread protective mulch 2–4 inches deep in a 3-foot diameter area around the base of the tree, but not touching the trunk. 6. The soil and mulch around your trees should be kept moist but not soggy. During dry weather, generously water the tree every 7 to 10 days during the first year. Water slowly at the dripline. 7. Remove any tags and labels from the tree as these will affect the tree as it grows. You may need to prune any broken or dead branches. (Please refer to the arborday.org pruning guide.) Fertilizer? Do not use fertilizer, potting soil, or chemicals on your newly planted trees. Such products will kill your young trees. Watering: Keeping your trees watered is important during their first year. Keep the soil and mulch moist but not soggy. In dry weather, you should water generously every 7–10 days. The water should soak into the soil and mulch. Avoid watering so much that you see standing water
Why Plant Trees? Trees have many economic, environmental and social benefits. They improve our lives and the places we live. Here are some reasons to plant and care for trees: Economic Benefits • Planting shade trees on the south and west faces of your house can reduce winter heating bills by up to 15% and summer cooling bills by up to 50%. • Studies have shown that well-treed businesses project a warm, welcoming and inviting atmosphere for shoppers who tend to linger and spend more time shopping, resulting in some cases in a business increase of up to 11%. • Fruit trees provide delicious and free supplemental nutrition for the entire neighborhood. • A well-landscaped, tree-lined yard can raise the property value of a home by 5 to 15%, increasing neighborhood desirability and speeding up sales. Environmental Benefits • Through photosynthesis, trees absorb carbon dioxide and emit oxygen. The average tree can clean up to 48 pounds of carbon dioxide annually. • Trees reduce the need for heating and cooling, thus decreasing the need for more power plants in the future. • During a storm, the canopy and root systems of trees act as both a sponge and a filter, cleaning the water as it seeps into the water table and reducing stormwater runoff. • Forested areas are far less prone to flooding and soil erosion. • Trees provide a habitat and refuge for urban wildlife, as well as wildlife that may have otherwise been displaced by development. • All of the above benefits are important factors in reversing the effects of major environmental crises such as global warming, species loss, and drought. Social Benefits • Studies show that neighborhoods with significant greenery report fewer instances of crime and less insecurity, resulting from a greater sense of community. • In today’s world, we are growing increasingly insulated and isolated from our neighbors. A community tree planting is a great way for people to interact with one another, work side by side toward a common goal. Planting trees is also a great way to instill in members of the community a sense of civic pride and a stronger connection to place. • Closely-spaced trees along roads tend to slow traffic by giving the impression of narrow roads and speed as they zoom past your windows. They also serve as a buffer zone between streets and sidewalks, creating safer environments for joggers, pedestrians, and children at play. • Trees have been shown to increase levels of concentration in children as well as higher test scores. Trees benefit human health: scientific studies confirm that trees in cities provide social and psychological benefits. Humans derive substantial pleasure from trees, whether it is inspiration from their beauty, a spiritual connection, or a sense of meaning. Views of nature reduce stress response by both body and mind. Urban green also appears to have positive effects on the human immune system. • Trees are shown to have a calming effect on people; people suffering from high stress tend to feel calmer in the presence of trees, thus improving overall health and well-being.
It's nice publishing with IJMA. The interactions and timely mails of the editorial staff with authors is encouraging!